Shared courtesy of Amauri Marconi Leal
In issue 53 of Pioneers, directed by Francisco Verdalles, appears an interesting writing signed by the chronicler of Chetumal Ignacio A. Herrera Muñoz titled “When Mexico lost Belize” (please note that between the don Ignacio and that this type of an “innocent” accent that makes a difference between the two).
For reasons of space, I will not repeat several statements of the Chronicler, however we must begin by declaring:
“The government of the republic who had inherited at independence be recognized that Spain had rights over Belize, was aware of this situation and therefore concluded a border treaty in 1893 that was called MARISCAL SPENCER boundary treaty. “
Indeed, with the signing of the treaties in 1893 will set the limits of the national territory in the border region.
We would like to make some clarifications: the 1824 Constitution stated in “Section 2. – Its territory includes the viceroyalty was called before N. E., which stated Captaincy General of Yucatán, the calls of the commands before internal provinces of East and West, and the lower and upper California with adjoining land and adjacent islands in both seas. For a constitutional law will demarcation of the boundaries of the federation, then that circumstances permit. ” Where did he get that Ignacio “The government of the republic who had inherited at independence be recognized that Spain had rights over Belize”?.
The history of Belize states that the first settlers were the Maya. After the so-called conquest, the Crown did dependent territory of the Captaincy of Guatemala, Belize actually never existed a Spanish colony or occupation in what is now configured your area. During the sixteenth and seventeenth some Hispanic settlers-mostly religious-made occasional visits, but not settled in that area.
A mid-seventeenth century the British began to arrive and established settlements in the area and named it Bay of Honduras. The name derives from the surname of Belize buccaneer Peter Wallace, a lieutenant of Sir Walter Raleigh. The name was a distortion of this surname: first Valis Wallix or so and later baptized Belize or Belize, as it is known today.
According to several historians, “at first, the place was a refuge for Buccaneers, but eventually became industrious settlers and their families settled there. In the last quarter of the seventeenth century were forced to bring slaves from Jamaica, of African origin, to achieve human labor to clear forests. ”
“In the late seventeenth and eighteenth these settlers were attacked by Spanish troops, so eventually withdrew from these forests, but immediately returned, that is the role of the Spanish was to carry out armed attacks and withdraw without actually occupying that territory. ” The various treaties between Spain and England, emerging from war, took out a new agreement on the control of the area, but in the eighteenth century Spain “recognized the rights of British occupation (and even expanded) sovereignty but reserved for the Spanish crown. ”
All attempts to expel the English inhabitants failed until the famous Battle of San Jorge on September 10, 1798 in Hispanic forces were defeated and Belize since remained so until the independence of Central America in 1821.
With the independence of Guatemala, from 1821, the government began to claim Belize as part of its territory, being permanently rejected that claim by the British until 1850, when the U.S. and Great Britain who disputed Central America’s economic dominance, signed the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty in 1856 and the Dallas-Clarendon treaty, by which “the U.S. recognized the British establishment, as Belize was not included in Central America,” which meant in practice recognition of sovereignty that the British had actually exercised.
- Hon. Julius Espat on Belize – Guatemala – ICJ (fiwebelize.com)
- Commentary: The ICJ and the Belize-Guatemala issue: A den of strategy and deceit (cayobuay.wordpress.com)
- On Belize vs Guatemala at ICJ (cayobuay.wordpress.com)
- Belize/Guatemala territorial dispute heads to World Court (antiguaobserver.com)
- UN chief hails progress in resolving territorial dispute between Belize, Guatemala (nzweek.com)