Spain


Belize Mexico Boundary

International Boundary Study No. 161 – February 9, 1977 The Geographer Office of the Geographer Bureau of Intelligence and Research I. BOUNDARY BRIEF The Belize–Mexico boundary is approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles) long. Inland from the Boca Bacalar Chico on the Caribbean coast, it extends through the Chetumal Bay for about 81 kilometers (50 miles) to the mouth of the Hondo (Rio Hondo). The boundary follows the thalweg of the Hondo and Blue Creed (Rio Azul) upstream to the meridian of Garbutts Fall. It then follows this median southward to the tripoint with Guatemala on the parallel of 17º49′ North. […]


Attention Government and People of Belize 1

By:Joaquin Magaña Sr. What Everyone, Especially Mr. Elrington And GOB Should Know: That History Discards The Unfounded And Void Guatemalan Claim Over Belize!!! In 1838 – 1839 the United Provinces of Central America broke up giving rise to the new countries of Central America. Guatemala Claimed that Belize was administered by Spain as part of the Captaincy of Guatemala and that they had inherited this sovereignty, as a result of the breakup of the federation. They say Belize was passed to Guatemala, since Belize had been considered part of Peten or Verapaz region of Guatemala. The fact is that there […]


Garifuna organizations worldwide organize to deal with discrimination

GARIFUNA ORGANIZATIONS IN BELIZE AND WORLDWIDE ARE NETWORKING TO DEVISE A PLAN TO DEAL WITH DISCRIMINATION AGAINST THEIR PEOPLE By: Wellington C. Ramos Ever since it was reported that there was discrimination taking place against Ms. Uwahnie Martinez an employee of First Caribbean Bank International for speaking her Garifuna language, the Garifuna people in Belize and in the diaspora have been outraged. Why? Because in the countries of; “Yurumein” now known as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala and Belize there has always been a history of racism and human rights violations against their people up to this […]


Belize Guatemala Dispute

The Belizean-Guatemalan territorial dispute is an unresolved bi-national territorial dispute between the states of Belize and Guatemala, neighbors in Central America. Belize or Belizean-controlled territory has been claimed in whole or in part by Guatemala since 1940. Early colonial era The present dispute originates with imperial Spain’s claim to all “New World” territories west of the line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. England, like other emerging powers of the late 15th century, did not recognize the treaty that divided the world between Spain and Portugal. After the native Mayans had ejected Spanish conquistadors and missionaries from Tipu and surrounding […]


Greece – the Country we should be studying for what NOT to do

Seeing how the International Financial market has led nations to be on one knee and some with seemingly no hopes of getting back on their own two feet; Greece stands out today as THE example of what NOT to do to get yourself out of the hole you were thrown into. Open you browser and search for Greece and it’s financial woes and you will understand.. A bit ago we posted What happens when a country Defaults on their Foreign Debt or gets a Bailout to avoid Foreclosure? and ‘Meddlers’ upset Greek sell-offs both articles describe the dire situation in […]


Godolphin Treaty 3

Celebrated between the Crowns of Spain and Great Britain, to reestablish Friendship and good Relations in America Madrid, July 18, 1670 The publication of this treaty responds to the desire to present here all diplomatic documents in which can be found the origin of any right on which England might pretend to base the defense of her possession of Belize. Some authors have affirmed that the rights of England to lands in America originated from the provisions of this treaty, and, in order to clarify the matter, it is published, The struggle to obtain domination over the extensive Spanish Empire […]


Decolonization and the Border Dispute with Guatemala 1

British Honduras faced two obstacles to independence: British reluctance until the early 1960s to allow citizens to govern themselves, and Guatemala’s complete intransigence over its long- standing claim to the entire territory (Guatemala had repeatedly threatened to use force to take over British Honduras). By 1961, Britain was willing to let the colony become independent. From 1964 Britain controlled only defense, foreign affairs, internal security, and the terms and conditions of the public service. On June 1, 1973, the colony’s name was changed to Belize in anticipation of independence. After 1975 Britain allowed the colonial government to internationalize its case […]


The Emergence of the British Settlement

Colonial Rivalry Between Spain and Britain In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spain tried to maintain a monopoly on trade and colonization in its New World colonies, but northern European powers were increasingly attracted to the region by the potential for trade and settlement. These powers resorted to smuggling, piracy, and war in their efforts to challenge and then destroy Spain’s monopoly. Early in the seventeenth century, the Dutch, English, and French encroached in areas where Spain was weak: the small islands of the Lesser Antilles, the no-man’s-land of the Guianas between the Spanish and Portuguese dominions, and the uncharted […]