Politics


International Borders Origin Dates

This was originally posted on Reddit by PisseGuri82 who I’d like to thank for bringing our border date to international light. So, I was recently in a discussion about what is the oldest border. That’s not a hard question in itself (it’s Andorra). But what about number two? And three? And what’s the newest? And what regions, or which continent, have generally older or newer borders? I figured this had to be available information somehow. I was partly correct. Researching this has been painstaking, because a lot of the sources are fuzzy. Even the facts are fuzzy, different cultures have […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


Shadow players: ecotourism development, corruption and state politics in Belize

As published: Third World Quarterly, Vol 21, No 3, pp 549–565, 2000 by Rosaleen Duffy Rosaleen Duffy is at the Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YL, UK. Abstract This article examines the way that developing societies have been increasingly incorporated into global networks, and the effect that this has had on the states themselves. The notion of a shadow state is used here to inform the ways that the state has been modified by the global networks represented by ecotourism development on the one hand and drug trafficking (and associated offshore banking sectors) on the […]


Prime Minister’s Address the Belize Chamber of Commerce & Industry

April 27, 2017 Thank you for inviting me to share my sense of the business climate, the macro economy, and a few of my Administration’s actions and plans for sustaining and broadening Belize’s economic expansion. To some extent, a degree often underestimated, both government and the private sector grapple with conditions that are uncontrollable, or at least unpredictable. For example, at the start of our tenure nine years ago, the Great Recession and the unusual oil price spike that wobbled the global economy, especially small economies in the American orbit such as Belize, was surely not something we had bargained […]


How America plans to pay for their wall

This controversial issue is being discussed by just about everyone but nobody actually discusses the actual funding of it. It seems as per this bill that it will be paid by many countries.Basically, brace yourself because remittances will be slowing or stopping for a lot of countries and people including Belize. The Bill: This Act may be cited as the “Border Wall Funding Act of 2017”. Introduced in House (03/30/2017) [Congressional Bills 115th Congress] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office] [H.R. 1813 Introduced in House (IH)] 115th CONGRESS 1st Session H. R. 1813 To amend the Electronic Fund Transfer Act […]


National Aquaculture Sector Overview

Characteristics, structure and resources of the sector Summary Aquaculture in Belize formally began in 1982 with the development of ten acres (4 ha) of experimental ponds by a private company, in the southern part of the Country. Since that time, the industry has developed rapidly and has become firmly established as a significant contributor to the Belizean economy in terms of foreign exchange earnings, income generation, employment, nutrition, and food security. In Belize, the aquaculture industry is primarily based on the production of the whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei). Aquaculture in Belize has been expanding in volume and value more rapidly […]


Belize is a developing country possessing a rich tapestry of natural and cultural resources.

Like many nations around the globe it confronts significant dilemmas posed at the interface of development and conservation. Local, national and international non-governmental organizations actively pursue conservation objectives through the modification of land use, land purchases, and the creation of public and private reserves. Meanwhile, deficits in financial and human resources force the Government of Belize to experiment with innovative partnerships with individuals and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Under these arrangements, various co-management arrangements introduce different levels of management attention to otherwise neglected yet legally declared protected lands. At the same time, indigenous communities struggle to maintain and promote their traditional […]


BELIZE: THE MEXICAN CONNECTION AND SELLING PRICE

1977 November 26, 00:00 (Saturday) Margaret P. Grafeld Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 22 May 2009 DRAFTED BY P:DTICE:CHG APPROVED BY THE SECRETARY ARA – MR STEDMAN ARA – MS SHELDON P – MR HABIB S/S-O – MR GOLDSMITH ——————117092 262327Z /64 O 262308Z NOV 77 ZFF6 FM SECSTATE WASHDC TO AMEMBASSY CARACAS NIACT IMMEDIATE INFO AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE AMEMBASSY PANAMA IMMEDIATE AMEMBASSY SAN JOSE IMMEDIATE AMEMBASSY MEXICO IMMEDIATE AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA IMMEDIATE AMEMBASSY KINGSTON IMMEDIATE AMCONSUL BELIZE IMMEDIATE S E C R E T STATE 283199 1. BRITISH MINISTER OF STATE ROWLANDS SPENT THREE AND ONE-HALF HOURS […]


Central America, Still Caught Up in the Arms Race

By Lina Barrantes Castegnaro In this column, Lina Barrantes Castegnaro, executive director of the Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress, denounces the arms race in Central America and calls for the implementation of the Costa Rica Consensus, which urges rich countries to increase development aid to countries that cut military spending. SAN JOSE, May 25 2016 (IPS) – The recent announcement of the Nicaraguan government’s 80-million-dollar purchase of 50 Russian tanks caught the attention of the press in Latin America and caused alarm in the international community. The purchase, not an isolated acquisition, is part of an arms race […]