Mosquito Coast


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1

Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty; April 19, 1850 One of the more peculiar diplomatic documents in the history of inter-American relations: in it, the US and Britain agreed to avoid unilaterally annexing or fortifying any canal across the Central American isthmus. That Nicaragua, the ostensible object of these negotiations, was not invited says something about the diplomacy of the era. THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and […]


Belize Guatemala Dispute

The Belizean-Guatemalan territorial dispute is an unresolved bi-national territorial dispute between the states of Belize and Guatemala, neighbors in Central America. Belize or Belizean-controlled territory has been claimed in whole or in part by Guatemala since 1940. Early colonial era The present dispute originates with imperial Spain’s claim to all “New World” territories west of the line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. England, like other emerging powers of the late 15th century, did not recognize the treaty that divided the world between Spain and Portugal. After the native Mayans had ejected Spanish conquistadors and missionaries from Tipu and surrounding […]