International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights


UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms

Adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 August to 7 September 1990 Whereas the work of law enforcement officials 1 is a social service of great importance and there is, therefore, a need to maintain and, whenever necessary, to improve the working conditions and status of these officials, Whereas a threat to the life and safety of law enforcement officials must be seen as a threat to the stability of society as a whole, Whereas law enforcement officials have a vital role in the protection of the […]


Belize is obligated under international law to protect the Maya people’s rights to their lands and natural resources 2

SKELETON ARGUMENT OF THE CLAIMANTS APPENDIX B: INTERNATIONAL LEGAL OBLIGATIONS OF BELIZE 1. Belize is obligated, by its own legal commitments in international human  rights treaties, to recognize and protect indigenous peoples’ rights to land and  resources. In addition, customary international law requires Belize to uphold  these rights apart from its treaty commitments. 2. The Constitution of Belize guarantees the fundamental rights of all  Belizeans to property, non-discrimination, life, and security of the person. The  Interpretation Act instructs this Court to interpret the Constitution in a manner  consistent with its obligations under relevant international law.1 A summary of  the relevant […]