International Court of Justice


Belize Guatemala Dispute

The Belizean-Guatemalan territorial dispute is an unresolved bi-national territorial dispute between the states of Belize and Guatemala, neighbors in Central America. Belize or Belizean-controlled territory has been claimed in whole or in part by Guatemala since 1940. Early colonial era The present dispute originates with imperial Spain’s claim to all “New World” territories west of the line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. England, like other emerging powers of the late 15th century, did not recognize the treaty that divided the world between Spain and Portugal. After the native Mayans had ejected Spanish conquistadors and missionaries from Tipu and surrounding […]


Bilateral Investment Treaty

Treaty Series No. 33 (1982) Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Belize for the Promotion and Protection of Investments. Belmopan, 30 April 1982 The Agreement entered into force on 30 April 1982 Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs by Command of Her Majesty September 1982 Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Belize for the Promotion and Protection of Investments The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and […]


General Assembly 15th Session – The Question of Belize

The General Assembly Having considered the question of Belize, Having examined the relevant chapters of the report of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, Recalling its resolutions 3432 (XXX) of 8 December 1975, 31/50 of 1 December 1976, 32/32 of November 1977, 33/36 of 13 December 1978 and 34/38 of 21 November 1979, Having also heard the statement of the representative of Belize, Recalling that the Sixth Conference of Heads of States or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Havana from 3 […]


Benque Free Zone update

This update was sent in by an eye witness. Western Border update: 31-3-14 @1:30PM Game of cat and mouse, while Guatemalan security forces went for lunch, time to work fast! 🙂 Despite the gun fire and confiscation of goods by security forces earlier, see pics inside SAT office, the trafficking of contraband of illicit goods continue flowing from the Benque Viejo Free Zone, using under aged youths to carry in the goods through the contraband trails into Guatemala. The logic they run faster and the Guatemalan authorities will not arrest minors; See attached pictures of youths going up the trail, […]


BELIZE TERRITORIAL VOLUNTEERS QUESTIONED BY GUATEMALAN MILITARY, IN BELIZEAN TERRITORY!

Belizeans and true friends of Belize, Following more than a week after this occurrence involving Guatemalan Armed Forces (literally), entering Belizean territory and questioning the intent of the Belize Territorial Volunteers at Sarstoon Island, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has thus far remained ‘mum’. Is such non-action, indicative of a commitment to safeguarding Belize’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, let alone the citizens of this nation? It is high time we take off our proverbial ‘red & blue’ lenses and call a spade, a spade. I invite you to read the attached article and decide. Given that we are ‘celebrating’ Belize’s […]


Guatemalan soldiers monitor the adjacency zone 3

Shared by Amauri Marconi Leal The Ministry of Defense “rethinks” of mobilizing army special forces in Petén – kaibiles-, specifically to areas close to the line of adjacency with Belize, after military bullet injured a Guatemalan, a fact which is attached to a long history of incidents in that area. Guatemalan soldiers monitor the adjacency zone. BY GEOVANNI CONTRERAS The Minister of Defense, Ulises Anzueto, explained that the attack took place early just last week, in Río Blanco, “near of Tikalito”, of the Guatemalan side, flowers Chiquibul, Dolores, Petén. “Unfortunately, a Guatemalan citizen who was in the adjacency zone had […]


A Message to Belizeans

For quite some time now, some of us have stated emphatically that going to the ICJ is not a viable option through which Belize should seek an end to Guatemala’s unfounded claim to our sovereign territory. During this period, we have been maligned by those who opt to tow the line and adhere to the status quo. That has not deterred us, for we know that our position is based on the truth and reality. Recently, a certain gentleman gave an interview in which I believe he actually highlighted a critical element on which many who oppose going to the […]


BCJ CALLS FOR CIVIL SOCIETY TO BOYCOTT RESCHEDULED REFERENDUM 1

PRESS RELEASE 11th May 2013 BELIZE COALITION FOR JUSTICE CALLS FOR BOYCOTT OF RESCHEDULED REFERENDUM Following the recent meeting held between Belize’s Foreign Affairs personnel and their Guatemalan counterparts at the OAS Headquarters in Washington, D.C., under the aegis of the OAS Secretary General, it was announced that the decision was taken to acquiesce to the DEMANDS of the Guatemalans to postpone the referendum. Undoubtedly this decision by the GOB, is consistent with its failed foreign policy involving Guatemala, which is steeped in: ACCEPTANCE, ACCOMMODATION AND CAPITULATION. It does not bode well for Belize, for it demonstrates distinct weakness and […]


Commentary: With OAS blessing, Belize acquiesces to Guatemala demands… as usual

Belizeans and true friends of Belize, By now, you have most likely heard that the GOB caved in to the DEMANDS of Guatemala and allowed the OAS to shirk its responsibility to carryout its duty as an impartial arbiter. As matters currently stand: (1) Guatemala reneged on its commitment to hold simultaneous referenda on 6th October 2013, (2) with the blessing of the GOB they have been allowed to do so, without rebuke and (3) the government of Guatemala has been rewarded for their intransigence by getting precisely what they want. Tell me, do you feel it is finally time to […]


Don't let Guatemala duck agreement

Published: Friday | April 12, 2013 on The Gleamer It is urgent that the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) engage the global community for help in sending a clear message to Guatemala that there will be no reward for bad behaviour, including, as seems to be the intent of the Central American country, squirming out of solemn undertakings. Jamaica, in its own right as a respected and influential voice on hemispheric matters, and as the CARICOM country with responsibility for the Community’s external relations, must lead this initiative. The matter to which we refer is the agreement between Belize and Guatemala to […]


INTERNATIONALIZATION CAMPAIGN 1

Guatemala refused to resume negotiations until Britain reduced its troop strength in Belize. It was not until 1975, after Belize’s election in late 1974 that the talks resumed. However, Guatemala’s position seemed to have hardened since they were demanding the cession of the southern quarter of Belize in return for recognizing the independence of the rest. This prompted the Belize government to embark on a radically new approach in which it would have to gain the support of the world to its independence. Therefore, the objectives of its internationalisation campaign were: To gain the support of as many nations as […]