International Court of Justice


Dallas-Clarendon Treaty   Recently updated !

Treaty between Her Majesty and the United States of America, respecting Central America; with three Separate Articles thereunto annexed. Signed at London, October 17, 1856 [ Ratifications exchanged at London ] Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of America, being desirous to settle in a friendly manner the questions which have come into discussion between them relative to Central America, have resolved to conclude a Treaty for that purpose, and have named as their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of […]


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

British-American Diplomacy Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and intentions with reference to any means of communication by ship canal, which may be constructed between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, by the way of the River San Juan de Nicaragua, and either or both of the lakes of Nicaragua or Managua, to any port or place on the Pacific Ocean: the President […]


International Borders Origin Dates

This was originally posted on Reddit by PisseGuri82 who I’d like to thank for bringing our border date to international light. So, I was recently in a discussion about what is the oldest border. That’s not a hard question in itself (it’s Andorra). But what about number two? And three? And what’s the newest? And what regions, or which continent, have generally older or newer borders? I figured this had to be available information somehow. I was partly correct. Researching this has been painstaking, because a lot of the sources are fuzzy. Even the facts are fuzzy, different cultures have […]


Is the ICJ Biased?

by Eric A. Posner and Miguel F. P. de Figueiredo ERIC A. POSNER is Kirkland and Ellis Professor of Law, University of Chicago. MIGUEL F. P. DE FIGUEIREDO is a Ph.D. student in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. We thank Fay Booker, Jacob Cogan, Sean Farhang, Andrew Guzman, Larry Helfer, Richard Hynes, Matt Jarvis, Anup Malani, Andrew Martin, Simeon Nichter, Abdul Noury, Keith Smith, Duncan Snidal, Laura Stoker, Erik Voeten, Greg Wawro, John Yoo; participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, Washington University in St. Louis, Columbia University, and the University of California, Berkeley, Law […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


As the World Sleeps Belize keeps getting destroyed, terrorized and invaded

As the world sleeps, Belize is being systematically destroyed and invaded both from within and without. For decades Guatemala has remained head strong claiming that it owns Belize despite the world noting that Belize is an independent nation and it’s people have full rights to independence. At the African, Caribbean and Pacific States and the European Community (ACP-EU) meeting in Abuja Nigeria on March 2000 the following was noted: United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 35/20 of 11 November 1980, which reaffirmed the inalienable right of the people of Belize to self-determination, independence and territorial integrity and called on all […]


OAS Secretary General Almagro Met with Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala

May 4, 2016 The Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, met today with the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala in reference to the recent incidents in the Belize-Guatemala Adjacency Zone and the Sarstoon River. To this end, Secretary Almagro confirmed the imminent deployment of a group of experts to conduct an independent investigation into the circumstances which resulted in the death of a Guatemala minor, following an incident with the Belizean security forces in the Adjacency Zone. Recalling Annex C of the Confidence Building Measures in force on the Guidelines for Public Statements, […]


Not even the US trusts the decisions of the ICJ

Belize is being shoved to go to the ICJ by the US OAS branch but when they had to get a ruling at the ICJ they basically said, “Oh hell no, this court is bullshit.” The United States and the ICJ The United States has long had an uneasy relationship with the International Court of Justice, which primarily arbitrates legal disputes among UN member nations that recognize its jurisdiction. The United States withdrew from the court’s compulsory jurisdiction in 1986 after the court ruled it owed Nicaragua war reparations. The United States also disagreed with the court’s stance that it […]


The Belize-Guatemala Conundrum

By Nick Pollard Jr. Spain and Great Britain left behind in Central America an unresolved Boundary Dispute between Guatemala and Belize for which there is absolutely no sign of a settlement almost 150 years later after various negotiations have failed even with the immediate arbitration of the O.A.S. Will the dispute be settled in the unforeseeable future by the ICJ or will the Security Council of the United Nations be forced to intervene? Thursday, 9 May 2013 GUATEMALA CANNOT BE TRUSTED IN FUTURE NEGOTIATIONS TO SETTLE THE OLD ANGLO-GUATEMALAN BORDER DISPUTE. Surprisingly, many Belizeans were not taken aback by Guatemala’s […]


Guatemala Warship in Belizean Territory

Not sure if others are blind to this and why the international governing bodies are not taking action. Maybe our politicians and those that are in place to do so still can’t grow a pair to demand that action be taken against the aggressive behavior against Belize and Belizeans. Recently there have been cases where Guatemalans illegally enter Belizean territory and squat right in the Adjacency Zone under the nose of the OAS. There is the case of Danny Conorquie that was shot at the Caracol Maya site in broad day light. Then we have the case of the Belize […]


18 Solid Reasons why Belize should not go to the ICJ 5

By: Joaquin Magaña Sr. The ICJ does NOT guarantee that Belize will remain with all its territory intact as it is since Belize became a crown colony in 1862 and after it became Independent in 1981. Going to ICJ is like buying lottery (Boledo). We may win but we may LOSE. We have proof of many court cases where injustice prevails; the innocent are found guilty and the guilty walk away free. We stand a good chance of winning, however, IF WE LOSE, WE WILL LOSE OUR LAND. Our country is too much to lose. We simply cannot, and will […]


Attention Government and People of Belize 1

By:Joaquin Magaña Sr. What Everyone, Especially Mr. Elrington And GOB Should Know: That History Discards The Unfounded And Void Guatemalan Claim Over Belize!!! In 1838 – 1839 the United Provinces of Central America broke up giving rise to the new countries of Central America. Guatemala Claimed that Belize was administered by Spain as part of the Captaincy of Guatemala and that they had inherited this sovereignty, as a result of the breakup of the federation. They say Belize was passed to Guatemala, since Belize had been considered part of Peten or Verapaz region of Guatemala. The fact is that there […]