International Court of Justice


OAS Resolution 1972

– 46 – AG/RES. 79 (11-0/72) STRENGTHENING OF THE PRINCIPLES OF NONINTERVENTION AND THE SELF-DETERMINATION OF PEOPLES AND MEASURES TO GUARANTEE THEIR OBSERVANCE (Resolution adopted at the eleventh plenary session held on April 21, 1972) THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, HAVING NOTED the denunciation made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala in the address he delivered at the plenary session held on April 15, 1972, and CONSIDERING: That in the course of discussions made possible through the efforts of the President of the General Assembly and the Secretary General. of the Organization, and through the willingness that has been shown […]


Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries

SECRET Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries and Related Matters between Belize and Guatemala Preamble The Government of Belize and the Government of Republic of Guatemala: Being sovereign equal and independent states, members of the United Nations and the community of States, are firmly committed to the contribution of peace among nations; Having in mind the principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, such as the principles of the equal right and self-determination of the peoples, of the sovereign equality and independence of all States, of non-interference in the domestic affairs […]


The Webster Proposals

Published in Belize on 29 April 1968. Draft Treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Republic of Guatemala relating to the resolution of the dispute over British Honduras (Belize) Her Majesty The Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, and The President of the Republic of Guatemala: Mindful of the request made by Her Britannic Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom and the Government of the Republic of Guatemala to the Government of the United States of America to […]


1931 Exchange of Notes

No 2946 1932 League of Nations — Treaty Series Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Guatemala Exchange of Notes respecting the Boundary between British Honduras and Guatemala, with Annexes. Guatemala, August 25 and 26, 1931 English and Spanish official texts communicated by His Majesty’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in Great Britain. The registration of this Exchange of Notes took place April 29, 1932. No 1. Mr Grant Watson to Señor Skinner Klée. British Legation. Guatemala, August 25, 1931 Your Excellency, The boundary between British Honduras and the Republic of Guatemala was laid down in the convention between the […]


Aycinena-Wyke Treaty

Guatemala Convention Boundary of British Honduras Convention between Her Majesty and the Republic of Guatemala, relations to the Boundary of British Honduras. Whereas the boundary between Her Britannic Majesty’s Settlement and possessions in the Bay of Honduras and the territory of the Republic of Guatemala, has not yet been ascertained and marked out; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Republic of Guatemala being desirous, with a view to improve and perpetuate the friendly relations which happily subsist between the two countries, to define the boundary aforesaid have resorted to concede a […]


Dallas-Clarendon Treaty

Treaty between Her Majesty and the United States of America, respecting Central America; with three Separate Articles thereunto annexed. Signed at London, October 17, 1856 [ Ratifications exchanged at London ] Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United States of America, being desirous to settle in a friendly manner the questions which have come into discussion between them relative to Central America, have resolved to conclude a Treaty for that purpose, and have named as their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of […]


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

British-American Diplomacy Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and intentions with reference to any means of communication by ship canal, which may be constructed between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, by the way of the River San Juan de Nicaragua, and either or both of the lakes of Nicaragua or Managua, to any port or place on the Pacific Ocean: the President […]


1802 Amiens Treaty

The Articles Of the Definitive Treaty Of Peace Between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, (on the one part) And The French Republic, His Majesty the King of Spain and the Indies, and the Batavian Republic, (on the other part) Signed At Amiens, march 27, 1802 By Cornwallis, Bounaparte, Azara, Schimmelpenninck A correct copy, J. Bounaparte London: Published by John Fairburn, 146 Minories His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the First Consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French People, being equally animated […]


International Borders Origin Dates

This was originally posted on Reddit by PisseGuri82 who I’d like to thank for bringing our border date to international light. So, I was recently in a discussion about what is the oldest border. That’s not a hard question in itself (it’s Andorra). But what about number two? And three? And what’s the newest? And what regions, or which continent, have generally older or newer borders? I figured this had to be available information somehow. I was partly correct. Researching this has been painstaking, because a lot of the sources are fuzzy. Even the facts are fuzzy, different cultures have […]


The London Convention 1786

CONVENCION Concluida en Londres el 14 de Julio de 1786, entre su majestad católica y el rey de la Gran Bretaña, pare explicar, aplicar y hacer efectivo lo estipulado en el articulo 60. del tratado definitivo de paz del ano de 1786. Tomando del libro “Belice”, por el doctor Francisco Astur. Segunda Edición . Publicado en Guatemala en Junio de 1941 Los reyes de España y de Inglaterra, animados de igual deseo de afirmar por cuantos medios pueden la amistad que felizmente subsiste entre ambos y sus reinos; y deseando de común acuerdo precaver hasta la sombra de desavenencia que […]


Is the ICJ Biased?

by Eric A. Posner and Miguel F. P. de Figueiredo ERIC A. POSNER is Kirkland and Ellis Professor of Law, University of Chicago. MIGUEL F. P. DE FIGUEIREDO is a Ph.D. student in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. We thank Fay Booker, Jacob Cogan, Sean Farhang, Andrew Guzman, Larry Helfer, Richard Hynes, Matt Jarvis, Anup Malani, Andrew Martin, Simeon Nichter, Abdul Noury, Keith Smith, Duncan Snidal, Laura Stoker, Erik Voeten, Greg Wawro, John Yoo; participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, Washington University in St. Louis, Columbia University, and the University of California, Berkeley, Law […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]