History


The War Against Time – The Secrets Of The Incas

The Inca Empire, at its peak, was the largest kingdom on Earth. The Incas were known as master builders, fearsome warriors, and practitioners of human sacrifice. Yet in the year 1532, this mighty state was conquered, overnight, by fewer than 200 Spanish adventurers. How could this happen? Step by step, clue by clue, Sullivan decodes the myths of the Incas to reveal that they embody an astoundingly thorough record of astronomical events – a record so precise it can be checked against a modern computer program. And he uncovers the Incas’ tragic secret: they knew they were doomed. As they […]


Godolphin Treaty 3

Celebrated between the Crowns of Spain and Great Britain, to reestablish Friendship and good Relations in America Madrid, July 18, 1670 The publication of this treaty responds to the desire to present here all diplomatic documents in which can be found the origin of any right on which England might pretend to base the defense of her possession of Belize. Some authors have affirmed that the rights of England to lands in America originated from the provisions of this treaty, and, in order to clarify the matter, it is published, The struggle to obtain domination over the extensive Spanish Empire […]


Why Socialism?

By Albert Einstein From Monthly Review, New York, May, 1949. Is it advisable for one who is not an expert on economic and social issues to express views on the subject of socialism? I believe for a number of reasons that it is. Let us first consider the question from the point of view of scientific knowledge. It might appear that there are no essential methodological differences between astronomy and economics: scientists in both fields attempt to discover laws of general acceptability for a circumscribed group of phenomena in order to make the interconnection of these phenomena as clearly understandable […]


Sacrifice at Pearl Harbor

This BBC documentary details United States and Britain knew beforehand of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Much more evidence has come to light since the 1989 – when this film was put together. For nearly 50 years, the world has believed President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s declaration that the Pearl Harbor attack was a completely unexpected assault on a neutral nation. Sacrifice at Pearl Harbor tells another, hidden story – using actual recording of intercepted diplomatic communications, declassified government documents, archival footage and interviews with diplomats and spies from around the world. We now know that intelligence operatives from the US and […]


Engineering an Empire – The Maya

At the height of its glory, this mysterious civilization ruled a territory of 125,000 square miles across parts of Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador and Belize. What began as a modest population of hunters and gatherers expanded into more than forty flourishing city-states who engineered sky-high temple-pyramids, ornate palaces and advanced hydraulic systems. Where did they come from and what catastrophes caused the collapse of this innovative civilization? From the Temple-Pyramids at Tikal, to the royal tomb at Palenque, to the star observatory at Chichén Itzá, this episode will examine the architecture and infrastructure that enabled the rise and fall […]


SCHOOL SUCKS

Don’t let the title fool you. This video is actually about how government-run schooling contributed to the rise of socialism, imperialism and eventually fascism in Germany between the 1890s and 1940s. Critical Thinking Question: In school we are led to believe that we are all living in an ideal vision of what society should be… But whose vision is it? And what were their ideals?


Decolonization and the Border Dispute with Guatemala 1

British Honduras faced two obstacles to independence: British reluctance until the early 1960s to allow citizens to govern themselves, and Guatemala’s complete intransigence over its long- standing claim to the entire territory (Guatemala had repeatedly threatened to use force to take over British Honduras). By 1961, Britain was willing to let the colony become independent. From 1964 Britain controlled only defense, foreign affairs, internal security, and the terms and conditions of the public service. On June 1, 1973, the colony’s name was changed to Belize in anticipation of independence. After 1975 Britain allowed the colonial government to internationalize its case […]


The Emergence of the British Settlement

Colonial Rivalry Between Spain and Britain In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spain tried to maintain a monopoly on trade and colonization in its New World colonies, but northern European powers were increasingly attracted to the region by the potential for trade and settlement. These powers resorted to smuggling, piracy, and war in their efforts to challenge and then destroy Spain’s monopoly. Early in the seventeenth century, the Dutch, English, and French encroached in areas where Spain was weak: the small islands of the Lesser Antilles, the no-man’s-land of the Guianas between the Spanish and Portuguese dominions, and the uncharted […]


BELIZE (British Honduras)-GUATEMALA BOUNDARY

International Boundary Study No. 8 –July 21, 1961 Belize (British Honduras) – Guatemala Boundary The Geographer Office of the Geographer Bureau of Intelligence and Research BACKGROUND According to British sources, occupation by Europeans of the coastal area of present-day British Honduras was begun in 1638 by shipwrecked English sailors; the discovery of valuable logwood, used in making dyes, and mahogany led in 1662 to the creation of an establishment. Differing opinions as to the provisions of the Treaty of Madrid, July 18, 1670, resulted in frequent fighting between the British settlers and the Spanish authorities. The Treaty of Paris, February […]


Day After Disaster – Washington DC

In the current climate of widespread national security concerns in the U.S., many people worry that the threat of a nuclear attack on American soil is more plausible than ever. In this chilling program, get a firsthand look at what would happen if a nuclear bomb exploded in the heart of Washington, D.C. With shockingly realistic dramatizations, DAY AFTER DISASTER puts you in the line of fire to experience the consequences of nuclear fallout — from the moment of detonation to 24 hours afterward. Focusing on the administration’s controversial Continuity of Government program (COG) History Channel™ offers a rare inside […]