Great Britain


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1

Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty; April 19, 1850 One of the more peculiar diplomatic documents in the history of inter-American relations: in it, the US and Britain agreed to avoid unilaterally annexing or fortifying any canal across the Central American isthmus. That Nicaragua, the ostensible object of these negotiations, was not invited says something about the diplomacy of the era. THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and […]


Belize Mexico Boundary

International Boundary Study No. 161 – February 9, 1977 The Geographer Office of the Geographer Bureau of Intelligence and Research I. BOUNDARY BRIEF The Belize–Mexico boundary is approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles) long. Inland from the Boca Bacalar Chico on the Caribbean coast, it extends through the Chetumal Bay for about 81 kilometers (50 miles) to the mouth of the Hondo (Rio Hondo). The boundary follows the thalweg of the Hondo and Blue Creed (Rio Azul) upstream to the meridian of Garbutts Fall. It then follows this median southward to the tripoint with Guatemala on the parallel of 17º49′ North. […]


UnHappy Birthday Belize

I wanted to wait for the festivities to simmer down before I put my thoughts out to my fellow Belizeans. I do not know how you will receive my speech or how it will be scrutinized, but these are my heartfelt convictions. I heard some of the speeches and for the most part heard a lot of pretty flowers, shiny gems and smelt nice perfume that all masked the reality that our nation faces today, 33 years and a couple days old. I won’t go into the pretties too much, you know that is not me. My idea is to […]


The Origins and Implications of the Scottish Referendum 1

By George Friedman The idea of Scottish independence has moved from the implausible to the very possible. Whether or not it actually happens, the idea that the union of England and Scotland, which has existed for more than 300 years, could be dissolved has enormous implications in its own right, and significant implications for Europe and even for global stability. The United Kingdom was the center of gravity of the international system from the end of the Napoleonic Wars until World War II. It crafted an imperial structure that shaped not only the international system but also the internal political […]


1977 email between UK and Guatemala on the state of Belize

1977 July 11, 00:00 (Monday) From: Guatemala Guatemala To: Secretary of State | United Kingdom London LIMITED OFFICIAL USE Related articles Did you know … US and the OAS on the Independence of Belize


General Assembly 15th Session – The Question of Belize

The General Assembly Having considered the question of Belize, Having examined the relevant chapters of the report of the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, Recalling its resolutions 3432 (XXX) of 8 December 1975, 31/50 of 1 December 1976, 32/32 of November 1977, 33/36 of 13 December 1978 and 34/38 of 21 November 1979, Having also heard the statement of the representative of Belize, Recalling that the Sixth Conference of Heads of States or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Havana from 3 […]


Colonialism and the Colonial Mentality

As posted in the Amadala “On Baron Bliss Day, 9th March, 1928, the writer journeyed on his bicycle from Belize to the Pine Ridge near Freetown on the Old River, about ten miles, to witness a cricket match. On arrival he found quite a large number of people from Belize, including thirty or forty bicycles and four motor cars. On returning the idea came to him or organizing an expedition from Belize to Cayo on bicycles. At first the subject was dismissed as impossible. But, like a recurring decimal sum, the thought came back again and again.” – pg. 11, […]


The Black Carib Wars: Freedom, Survival, and the Making of the Garifuna 1

Caribbean News Now Book Review Published on August 2, 2012 In The Black Carib Wars: Freedom, Survival, and the Making of the Garifuna (University Press of Mississippi), author Christopher Taylor offers the fullest, most thoroughly researched history of the Garifuna people of St Vincent, and their uneasy conflicts and alliances with Great Britain and France. The book presents documentation of one of the oldest native heritages of the Caribbean, and is the closest thing to a direct link to the region’s history before colonialism. The Garifuna — whose descendants were native Carib Indians, Arawaks and West African slaves brought to the […]


Godolphin Treaty 3

Celebrated between the Crowns of Spain and Great Britain, to reestablish Friendship and good Relations in America Madrid, July 18, 1670 The publication of this treaty responds to the desire to present here all diplomatic documents in which can be found the origin of any right on which England might pretend to base the defense of her possession of Belize. Some authors have affirmed that the rights of England to lands in America originated from the provisions of this treaty, and, in order to clarify the matter, it is published, The struggle to obtain domination over the extensive Spanish Empire […]