England


The Origins and Implications of the Scottish Referendum 1

By George Friedman The idea of Scottish independence has moved from the implausible to the very possible. Whether or not it actually happens, the idea that the union of England and Scotland, which has existed for more than 300 years, could be dissolved has enormous implications in its own right, and significant implications for Europe and even for global stability. The United Kingdom was the center of gravity of the international system from the end of the Napoleonic Wars until World War II. It crafted an imperial structure that shaped not only the international system but also the internal political […]


Carlisle Holdings Limited (Carlisle) – Holding in BTL

BELIZE CITY, Belize, Oct. 27 — Carlisle Holdings Limited Nasdaq: CLHL; London: CLH), a leader in outsourced facilities services and staffing services announced today that their Chairman, Michael A. Ashcroft had recently agreed to purchase 23.5% of Belize Telecommunications Ltd (BTL) previously held by MCI WorldCom, Inc. A twelve month option to purchase this additional BTL stake at cost plus financing was granted to Carlisle by Mr. Ashcroft which would give Carlisle a controlling interest in the company. Notwithstanding Carlisle’s current strategic direction to develop its services businesses in the United States and United Kingdom, the consolidation of BTL would […]


Occasional Discourse on the Nigger Question (Historical Documentary) 1

Thomas Carlyle 1853 Introduction This documentary by the BBC looks at Scientific Racism, invented during the 19th century, an ideology that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. These theories ultimately led to eugenics and racial policies of the “master” race. Herbert Spencer, the father of Social Darwinism as an ethical theory, was thinking in terms of elitist, “might makes right” sorts of views long before Darwin published his theory. However, Spencer quickly adapted Darwinian ideas to his own ethical theories. The concept of adaptation allowed him to claim that […]


Belize Guatemala Dispute

The Belizean-Guatemalan territorial dispute is an unresolved bi-national territorial dispute between the states of Belize and Guatemala, neighbors in Central America. Belize or Belizean-controlled territory has been claimed in whole or in part by Guatemala since 1940. Early colonial era The present dispute originates with imperial Spain’s claim to all “New World” territories west of the line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. England, like other emerging powers of the late 15th century, did not recognize the treaty that divided the world between Spain and Portugal. After the native Mayans had ejected Spanish conquistadors and missionaries from Tipu and surrounding […]


George Orwell – 1984 1

George Orwell’s novel of a totalitarian future society in which a man whose daily work is rewriting history tries to rebel by falling in love. Written in 1948, it was George Orwell’s chilling prophecy about the future. And while the year 1984 has come and gone, Orwell’s narrative is timelier than ever. 1984 presents a startling and haunting vision of the world, so powerful that it is completely convincing from start to finish. No one can deny the power of this novel, its hold on the imaginations of multiple generations of readers, or the resiliency of its admonitions. A legacy […]


Guatemala's Tactics to confuse Belizeans 1

Reading the Prensa Libre, I came across this article, it seems to me it’s more about confusing people than anything else.  It’s a lengthy article but worth the time so you can understand what it is we are getting into. The Spanish Version Preocupa a Guatemala traba a referendo con Belice Autoridades guatemaltecas expresaron su preocupación debido a que Belice modificó su legislación sobre referendos  y puso un mínimo de 60 por ciento de votantes registrados para que la consulta popular de octubre próximo sea válida. CIUDAD DE GUATEMALA – El Gobierno y la Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA)  […]


Godolphin Treaty 3

Celebrated between the Crowns of Spain and Great Britain, to reestablish Friendship and good Relations in America Madrid, July 18, 1670 The publication of this treaty responds to the desire to present here all diplomatic documents in which can be found the origin of any right on which England might pretend to base the defense of her possession of Belize. Some authors have affirmed that the rights of England to lands in America originated from the provisions of this treaty, and, in order to clarify the matter, it is published, The struggle to obtain domination over the extensive Spanish Empire […]