Commonwealth


Shadow players: ecotourism development, corruption and state politics in Belize

As published: Third World Quarterly, Vol 21, No 3, pp 549–565, 2000 by Rosaleen Duffy Rosaleen Duffy is at the Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YL, UK. Abstract This article examines the way that developing societies have been increasingly incorporated into global networks, and the effect that this has had on the states themselves. The notion of a shadow state is used here to inform the ways that the state has been modified by the global networks represented by ecotourism development on the one hand and drug trafficking (and associated offshore banking sectors) on the […]


Commonwealth Caribbean Economic Integration

LIMITED OFFICIAL USE PAGE 01 STATE 099857 44 ORIGIN ARA-17 INFO OCT-01 ADP-00 AID-20 CIAE-00 COME-00 EB-11 FRB-02 INR-10 NSAE-00 RSC-01 TRSE-00 XMB-07 OPIC-12 CIEP-02 LAB-06 SIL-01 OMB-01 L-03 TAR-02 /096 R DRAFTED BY ARA/ CAR/ J: WPKELLY/ PWHILBURN, JR.: JANET 5/24/73 EXT-23447 APPROVED BY ARA/ CAR: JRBURKE ARA/ CAR: PFCANNEY ARA/ ECP: JLANDBERG ARA/ CAR: WBWHEELER ARA/ CEN: SLIPPE ——————— 026226 R 241617 Z MAY 73 FM SECSTATE WASHDC TO AMCONSUL BELIZE AMEMBASSY BRIDGETOWN AMEMBASSY GEORGETOWN AMEMBASSY KINGSTON AMCONSUL NASSAU AMEMBASSY PORT OF SPAIN LIMITED OFFICIAL USE STATE 099857 E. O. 11652 N/ A TAGS: EGEN, EEC, BB, BH, […]


BRICS countries facing increasing political risk says Aon

Aon Risk Solutions, the global risk management business of Aon plc (NYSE: AON), today unveiled its 2014 Political Risk Map which identifies an increased risk rating for all five emerging market BRICS countries. As a result, countries representing a large share of global output experienced a broad-based increase in political risk including political violence, government interference and sovereign non-payment risk. Brazil’s rating was downgraded; political risks have been increasing from moderate levels as economic weakness has increased the role of the government in the economy. This is of particular concern given this year’s World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. Russia’s […]


INTERNATIONALIZATION CAMPAIGN 1

Guatemala refused to resume negotiations until Britain reduced its troop strength in Belize. It was not until 1975, after Belize’s election in late 1974 that the talks resumed. However, Guatemala’s position seemed to have hardened since they were demanding the cession of the southern quarter of Belize in return for recognizing the independence of the rest. This prompted the Belize government to embark on a radically new approach in which it would have to gain the support of the world to its independence. Therefore, the objectives of its internationalisation campaign were: To gain the support of as many nations as […]