Commonwealth of Nations


The Belize-Guatemala Conundrum

By Nick Pollard Jr. Spain and Great Britain left behind in Central America an unresolved Boundary Dispute between Guatemala and Belize for which there is absolutely no sign of a settlement almost 150 years later after various negotiations have failed even with the immediate arbitration of the O.A.S. Will the dispute be settled in the unforeseeable future by the ICJ or will the Security Council of the United Nations be forced to intervene? Thursday, 9 May 2013 GUATEMALA CANNOT BE TRUSTED IN FUTURE NEGOTIATIONS TO SETTLE THE OLD ANGLO-GUATEMALAN BORDER DISPUTE. Surprisingly, many Belizeans were not taken aback by Guatemala’s […]


Belize Guatemala Dispute

The Belizean-Guatemalan territorial dispute is an unresolved bi-national territorial dispute between the states of Belize and Guatemala, neighbors in Central America. Belize or Belizean-controlled territory has been claimed in whole or in part by Guatemala since 1940. Early colonial era The present dispute originates with imperial Spain’s claim to all “New World” territories west of the line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. England, like other emerging powers of the late 15th century, did not recognize the treaty that divided the world between Spain and Portugal. After the native Mayans had ejected Spanish conquistadors and missionaries from Tipu and surrounding […]


INTERNATIONALIZATION CAMPAIGN 1

Guatemala refused to resume negotiations until Britain reduced its troop strength in Belize. It was not until 1975, after Belize’s election in late 1974 that the talks resumed. However, Guatemala’s position seemed to have hardened since they were demanding the cession of the southern quarter of Belize in return for recognizing the independence of the rest. This prompted the Belize government to embark on a radically new approach in which it would have to gain the support of the world to its independence. Therefore, the objectives of its internationalisation campaign were: To gain the support of as many nations as […]


Decriminalising Homosexuality In The Caribbean 1

02-03-12 Institute for the Study of the Americas Caribbean Seminar Series: Decriminalising Homosexuality In The Caribbean: The Belize Case In Commonwealth Perspective And Beyond Speakers: Lord Goldsmith QC of Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, former UK Attorney General, leads the legal team representing the Human Dignity Trust, the Commonwealth Lawyers Association, and the International Commission of Jurists in the UNIBAM case. The criminalisation of homosexual acts is currently being challenged in the Central American and Caribbean nation of Belize. The United Belize Advocacy Movement (UNIBAM) has mounted a legal challenge to Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code which currently criminalises […]