Central American isthmus


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1

Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty; April 19, 1850 One of the more peculiar diplomatic documents in the history of inter-American relations: in it, the US and Britain agreed to avoid unilaterally annexing or fortifying any canal across the Central American isthmus. That Nicaragua, the ostensible object of these negotiations, was not invited says something about the diplomacy of the era. THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and […]


NAFTA and the Future of Canada, Mexico and the United States

By Marc Lanthemann The 20th anniversary of NAFTA’s implementation on Jan. 1 has revived some of the perennial arguments that have surrounded the bloc since its inception. The general consensus has been that the trade deal was a mixed bag, a generally positive yet disappointing economic experiment. That consensus may not be wrong. The history of the North American Free Trade Agreement as an institution has been one of piecemeal, often reluctant, integration of three countries with a long tradition of protectionism and fierce defense of economic national sovereignty. While NAFTA was a boon for certain sectors of the economy, […]