British Honduras


Slavery in British Honduras 1794-1838

Source: U.S. Library of Congress Cutting logwood was a simple, small-scale operation, but the settlers imported slaves to help with the work. Slavery in the settlement was associated with the extraction of timber, first logwood and then mahogany, as treaties forbade the production of plantation crops. This difference in economic function gave rise to variations in the organization, conditions, and treatment of slaves. The earliest reference to African slaves in the British settlement appeared in a 1724 Spanish missionary’s account, which stated that the British recently had been importing them from Jamaica and Bermuda. A century later, the total slave […]


Colonial Education: A History of Education in Belize

By Karla Lewis (Educational Policy Studies University of Illinois at Urbana – Champaign) Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000) ABSTRACT This paper discusses the education in Belize (formerly known as British Honduras) during the colonial era and the lasting impact of the educational foundation of the country. The paper examines the influence the British colonial educational system continues to have in. Belize, 20 years after independence. It gives an overview of the history of primary and secondary education in Belize. Although education existed in Belize well before the […]


Belize Guatemala Boundary Dispute II

SECRET PAGE 01 STATE 269577 ORIGIN NODS-00 INFO OCT-01 ISO-00 /001 R DRAFTED BY ARA/CEN:LPFEIFLE:CFC APPROVED BY P:PCHABIB ARA/CEN:WMATTHEWS ARA:SASHELTON ARA:TATODMAN ARA/PAN:KGUTHRIE S/S-O:SGOLDSMITH ——————055405 102155Z /62 O P 102126Z NOV 77 ZFF6 FM SECSTATE WASHDC TO AMEMBASSY PANAMA IMMEDIATE INFO AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA PRIORITY AMCONSUL BELIZE PRIORITY AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY S E C R E T STATE 269577 NODIS FOR THE AMBASSADOR FROM HABIB E.O. 11652: XGDS-1 TAGS: PBOR, GT, BH, UK SUBJECT: BELIZE 1. WE UNDERSTAND THAT THE BRITISH AND GUATEMALANS MAY BE NEAR A SETTLEMENT ON THE HUNDRED YEAR-OLD BELIZE DISPUTE. THE SETTLEMENT WOULD INVOLVE A MINOR CESSION OF […]


Belize Guatemala Dispute Settlement Boundary Claim

LIMITED OFFICIAL USE PAGE 01 GUATEM 04345 01 OF 02 121715Z ACTION ARA-14 INFO OCT-01 EUR-12 IO-13 ISO-00 CIAE-00 DODE-00 PM-04 H-01 INR-07 L-03 NSAE-00 NSC-05 PA-01 PRS-01 SP-02 SS-15 USIA-06 OMB-01 ACDA-07 /093 W ——————023266 121801Z /45 R 112354Z JUL 77 FM AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA TO SECSTATE WASHDC 6715 INFO AMEMBASSY LONDON AMEMBASSY MANAGUA AMEMBASSY SAN JOSE AMEMBASSY SAN SALVADOR AMEMBASSY TEGUCIGALPA AMEMBASSY MEXICO AMCONSUL BELIZE USMISSION USUN NY USCINCSO LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 1 OF 2 GUATEMALA 4345 E.O. 11652: N/A TAGS: PBOR, UK, BH, GT SUBJ: BELIZE 1. SUMMARY: GOG CONTINUES TO CATEGORIZE WASHINGTON TALKS AS SUCCESSFUL. PRESIDENT […]


Crime and Society

By: Dr. Robert Winslow Belize is a parliamentary democracy with a constitution enacted in 1981 upon independence from the United Kingdom. Numerous ruins indicate that for hundreds of years Belize was heavily populated by the Maya Indians, whose relatively advanced civilization reached its height between A.D. 250 and 900. Eventually the civilization declined leaving behind small groups whose offspring still exist in Belize contributing positively to the culturally diverse population. In 1502, Columbus sailed through parts of the Caribbean, but did not actually visit the area later known as British Honduras. The first reference to European settlement in the colony […]


Belize Mexico Boundary

International Boundary Study No. 161 – February 9, 1977 The Geographer Office of the Geographer Bureau of Intelligence and Research I. BOUNDARY BRIEF The Belize–Mexico boundary is approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles) long. Inland from the Boca Bacalar Chico on the Caribbean coast, it extends through the Chetumal Bay for about 81 kilometers (50 miles) to the mouth of the Hondo (Rio Hondo). The boundary follows the thalweg of the Hondo and Blue Creed (Rio Azul) upstream to the meridian of Garbutts Fall. It then follows this median southward to the tripoint with Guatemala on the parallel of 17º49′ North. […]


Attention Government and People of Belize 1

By:Joaquin Magaña Sr. What Everyone, Especially Mr. Elrington And GOB Should Know: That History Discards The Unfounded And Void Guatemalan Claim Over Belize!!! In 1838 – 1839 the United Provinces of Central America broke up giving rise to the new countries of Central America. Guatemala Claimed that Belize was administered by Spain as part of the Captaincy of Guatemala and that they had inherited this sovereignty, as a result of the breakup of the federation. They say Belize was passed to Guatemala, since Belize had been considered part of Peten or Verapaz region of Guatemala. The fact is that there […]


Education in Belize: Bullying in Schools / Need for Empathy

“Bullying… a public degradation ceremony in which the victim’s capabilities are debased and his or her identity is ridiculed.” – Alan McEvoy, Ph.D. October is recognized as National Bullying Prevention month each year in the USA. The entire month is dedicated to combating bullying in Primary/Elementary and Secondary schools — by placing a spotlight on, and educating others about bullying, in all its ugly forms. Whether physical, emotional, or digital, i.e. via online social media, bullying envelops its victims with many negative and harmful academic, social, and lifetime consequences. Is the pervasive problem of bullying in schools ever accidental, or […]


Belize Electricity System Upgrade Launched

The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) remains committed to assisting the Government of Belize in achieving its development objectives including those in the electricity sector. This message was conveyed to staff of the Belize Electricity Limited (BEL) at a workshop held from September 3 to 5, to officially launch the project to upgrade and expand the electricity system. This project is being funded by a loan of USD11.231mn. This upgrade and expansion will be the sixth intervention by CDB in the electricity sector in Belize but the first for all of the staff members of BEL involved in its implementation. The […]


Webster Proposal

Negotiations between the United Kingdom and Guatemala in search of a solution to Guatemala’s claim to Belize were bilateral negotiations until 1962. It was a significant historical moment because in that year delegates from Belize were permitted for the first time to participate in the Anglo-Guatemalan negotiations which took place in San Juan, Puerto Rico with the U.K. and Guatemala as principals. Belize had not yet achieved self-government and so the delegates were members of the Executive Council which comprised Hon. George Price, who later became Prime Minister of Belize, Mr. Albert Cattouse and Hon. Louis Sylvestre, along with Hon. […]


Belize, still in the squalid shadow of British colonialism, reminds us of the value of independence 4

Stumbling on-line I found this insightful article that actually made me mad; not mad at the person writing it, but mad at us. YES, mad at US, WE have allowed ourselves to be this way; for what reason? I have no idea. I know many will read this article and start to say negative things about the author, but I ask that instead of doing that, sit back and ponder on what the message is saying about us. THAT is what we look like to the world. Do we want to remain that image or do we want to change? […]


Colonialism and the Colonial Mentality

As posted in the Amadala “On Baron Bliss Day, 9th March, 1928, the writer journeyed on his bicycle from Belize to the Pine Ridge near Freetown on the Old River, about ten miles, to witness a cricket match. On arrival he found quite a large number of people from Belize, including thirty or forty bicycles and four motor cars. On returning the idea came to him or organizing an expedition from Belize to Cayo on bicycles. At first the subject was dismissed as impossible. But, like a recurring decimal sum, the thought came back again and again.” – pg. 11, […]