Ever since the formation of societies, small or large, the phenomenon of the one-man-rule has dominated the history of mankind.
When it comes to deciding which form of government is the most efficient, there is always a debate. Democracy is the form of government which is followed in countries like America and India. On the other hand, China, Cuba and Zimbabwe are among the countries which have a dictatorship form of government. So, which one is the better of the two? What is the difference between dictatorship and democracy?
Dictatorship vs Democracy
Democracy is defined as a government of the people, for the people and by the people. Such a government is formed through elections in which the adult citizens of a county cast vote to elect their representatives. Thus, in a way, the government is ruled by the citizens of the country, in a democracy.
Dictatorship is a form of government in which a single individual or a group of individuals hold power and take all the decisions pertaining to running the country. There is complete centralization of power, with the dictator deciding what is expected of all the citizens of the country. Thus, in a dictatorship form of government, people have no say in how the country will function or how they will lead their lives.
Stability of the Government
If you compare dictatorship vs democracy on how stable a government these can provide, then certainly dictatorship wins hands down. As there is no other alternative to the government in a dictatorship, combined with the people having no rights whatsoever to choose their leaders, problems such as re-elections or people revolting against the government do not ever arise.
Rights of the People
When it comes to comparison between dictatorship and democracy, in terms of the power that people have, there is no doubt about the fact that democracy offers much wide avenues of freedom, liberty, equality and opportunities to the citizens. In a democracy, if people are unhappy, they can raise their voices through various platforms such as the media. However, such a thing would never be tolerated in the dictatorship form of government, where people are expected just to follow and never to question.
In dictatorship vs democracy, one of the advantages of dictatorship is that it is believed to be much more efficient than a democracy. Incidences of crime and corruption are much lesser in a dictatorship as rules and regulations are much more stricter. As decision making in dictatorship lies with just one or a small group of people, not much time is wasted in debating over passing regulations or making amendments in law. Also, proponents of dictatorship say that in case of an emergency such as a war, a dictatorship is better prepared to meet it as not much time is wasted in debating decisions.
From the dyad structure to the syndrome of over one billion and a half society, we witness the dominance of the one-man-rule. This one individual assumes dominance and control over others, whether by force or election
This phenomenon of dominance, control and influence is witnessed in all societies at all times. From the atomistic model of a society namely, the family, to the most complex structure of a supra society dominance of ‘one person’ is inescapable.
From primitive societies (tribal systems) to modern super powers (China, India, Russia, USA) this one-person rule confirms itself. Whether under socialist practices or capitalist models the one-individual-rule is constantly in practice.
In ancient history all societies were dominated by the one-man-rule. The form and structure of this dominance has appeared under different titles, but the essence and nature of the relationship between the dominant and the dominated is one and the same.
The dictator ruler is called chief, leader, governor, ruler, king, sultan, caliph, emperor, Caesar, shah, emir, president, PRIME MINISTER , secretary of party or any other name that denotes power, authority, influence, control and dominance.
From this system emerge two distinct entities, the one person dominant and the rest of the society, ‘the dominated’.
One person commands and others obey.
The one-man-ruler decides all affairs of the people, whether political, economic or social.
This concept encompasses a spectrum of absolute dominance of direct control, as in absolute dictatorships (in Third World countries), monarchies, emirates, sultanates, presidents to constitutional dominance, so-called democratic, (first and second worlds: presidents, prime ministers, secretaries of parties).
In all these systems the nature of control and influence and decision-making is one and the same in the hands of one individual.
Dictatorship, a pathological syndrome of a mixture of superiority and inferiority complexes, found in every human being, awaits the opportunity to come out and dominate.
If the individual is a well-balanced person with an equilibrated character, he or she, does not have the need to show any signs of pathological dominance and control over others. An equilibrated health personality is oriented towards respect for others in sharing equal rights and equal responsibilities.
The dictator searches always to dominate others dictating his will. Politicians, statesmen, leaders and rulers have an impulse to have control over others. They exploit any means to influence others and, if possible, dominate their lives. Sane people do not enter politics and do not aspire to dominate others.
Whether the means employed, to acquire a position of power, are force or universal suffrage the dictator-ruler finds legitimizes his dominance.
In a third world syndrome dictators use the armed forces to achieve power. In the second world personal charisma is used to control the masses.
In the first world charisma and constitutional elections are used by potential dictators. The goal is the same, to IMPOSE one’s will.
The ruler dictates his or her will, through the different power machines available to him. In the third and second worlds the dictator resorts to the military power, secret or open police forces, legislative and judicial powers and the administrative machine legally as well as illegally.
In first world models the elected president uses all these forces and authorities as well. The only difference is the degree of legality is used by every dictator in each model. In both small and large societies the individual dictator uses his authority to dictate his opinion. The authority assigned, or taken by force, is equal in both models.
But the magnitude of power varies from one society to another. Obviously, capacity to use means of power in super powers is more important than the capacity to use means of power in smaller societies.
Authority to dominate is acquired by force, heritage or the masqued universal suffrage.
Direct results of the dictator are taking away freedom from others. By doing so the dictator deprives them from their rights and obligations.
The very value of the human being is demolished. Two class structures evolve: the one-person-ruler and his personal clique on the one hand, and the people on the other. By this a formula of the ruler and ruled is established.
The right of decision is taken away.
All powers are vested in the ruler, prime minister or otherwise, whether self-imposed in certain societies or elected.
The president, or secretary of the party, a king or a sultan, they all are heads of the state, commanders in chief of the armed forces, heads of administration, highest judicial authorities, exercising enormous influence on legislative power.
The one-man-ruler has the power to decide peace and war and whether his society must offer lives and belongingness according to his decisions.
This is not only true in old dictatorships but also in present state decisions, whether small powers or superpowers.
Nevertheless; it is not the fault of the dictator to dictate his will, but rather the fault of the people who accept the dictator to dictate his will. Politics in Belize has not only proven this statement but has misled the Belizean community to forcibly accept poverty and live amongst corruption to further distract the true events… The real events occurring.
What is surprisingly true is that ‘the others’ allow for the emergence of such a phenomenon. The others accept such dominance. We as the people should be the true leaders.
The only reason that the dictator becomes a dictator is that people accept the dictator. As if people like to be dominated, controlled, influenced and led. The dictator feeds on this acceptance. People submit their will to the will of the dictator.
If no one accepts the rule of the dictator societies would have been liberated from this parasite that nourishes on others.
If that neva mek you think… then i think u should read some more…
The debate regarding the real nature of Napoleonic power is still lively today. What exactly was that power? A dictatorship? A monarchy? A mixed system? If it was a dictatorship, what type of dictatorship was it? If it was a monarchy, was it parliamentary, absolute or enlightened? The following is an attempt at clarification.
Dictatorship, a form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. The term dictatorship comes from the Latin title dictator, which in the Roman Republic designated a temporary magistrate who was granted extraordinary powers in order to deal with state crises. Modern dictators, however, resemble ancient tyrants rather than ancient dictators. Ancient philosophers’ descriptions of the tyrannies of Greece and Sicily go far toward characterizing modern dictatorships. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of intimidation, terror, and the suppression of basic civil liberties. They may also employ techniques of mass propaganda in order to sustain their public support.
With the decline and disappearance in the 19th and 20th centuries of monarchies based on hereditary descent, dictatorship became one of the two chief forms of government in use by nations throughout the world, the other being constitutional democracy. Rule by dictators has taken several different forms. In Latin America in the 19th century, various dictators arose after effective central authority had collapsed in the new nations recently freed from Spanish colonial rule. These caudillos, or self-proclaimed leaders, usually led a private army and tried to establish control over a territory before marching upon a weak national government. Antonio López de Santa Anna in Mexico and Juan Manuel de Rosas in Argentina are examples of such leaders. Later 20th-century dictators in Latin America were different. They were national rather than provincial leaders and often were put in their position of power by nationalistic military officers, as was Juan Perón of Argentina. They usually allied themselves with a particular social class, and attempted either to maintain the interests of wealthy and privileged elites or to institute far-reaching left-wing social reforms.
In the new states of Africa and Asia after World War II, dictators quickly established themselves on the ruins of constitutional arrangements inherited from the Western colonial powers that had proved unworkable in the absence of a strong middle class and in the face of local traditions of autocratic rule. In some such countries, elected presidents and prime ministers captured personal power by establishing one-party rule and suppressing the opposition, while in others the army seized power and established military dictatorships.
The communist and fascist dictatorships that arose in various technologically advanced countries in the first half of the 20th century were distinctively different from the authoritarian regimes of Latin America or the postcolonial dictatorships of Africa and Asia. Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin were the leading examples of such modern totalitarian dictatorships. The crucial elements of both were the identification of the state with a single mass party and of the party with its charismatic leader, the use of an official ideology to legitimize and maintain the regime, the use of terror and propaganda to suppress dissent and stifle opposition, and the use of modern science and technology to control the economy and individual behaviour. Soviet-type communist dictatorships arose in central and eastern Europe, China, and other countries in the wake of World War II, though most of them (as well as the Soviet Union itself) had collapsed by the last decade of the 20th century.
During times of domestic or foreign crisis, even most constitutional governments have conferred emergency powers on the chief executive, and in some notable cases this provided the opportunity for duly elected leaders to overthrow democracy and rule dictatorially thereafter. The proclamation of emergency rule, for example, was the beginning of the dictatorships of Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, Kemal Atatürk in Turkey, Józef Piłsudṣki in Poland, and António de Oliveira Salazar in Portugal. In other democracies, however, constitutional arrangements have survived quite lengthy periods of crisis, as in Great Britain and the United States during World War II, in which the use of extraordinary powers by the executive came to a halt with the end of the wartime emergency.
In the modern world, we can see that society is government itself and the society governs itself. The democracy form of governance which has been accepted by almost the entire world in the modern times. The first accepted form of leadership and governance was that of tribal leaders, followed by monarchy and democracy. The question ‘what is the role of government in society?’ in today’s era, has a significantly vast answer and it is not possible to describe the role of government in society in a mere few pages. However, the following paragraphs put forth a comprehensive summary regarding the purpose of government, that will certainly, answer the queries, ‘why do people need government’ and ‘what is the role of government in society’.
The Society and Government
The term society is quite a heavy, important and is almost synonymous to the terms mankind and human existence. Prominent sociological thinkers, scientists and philosophers like, Émile Durkheim, Max Webber and Karl Marx have studied the human behavior as a member of society. The tribal leaders and monarchy which were earliest forms of government had basically evolved because men chose to follow come capable leaders. The democratic form was however a form of government where men choose to elect their own leaders. Both these forms were products of society and according to many sociologists, they came into being to sever the society by governing it. Thus government in today’s world plays a very, very critical role in the society, because it is a product of the society. Let’s have a look at the big WHY? and the large HOW?
Role of Government in Society
In the early times of tribal leaders and early monarchs, the government had a laissez faire policy meaning that the government and the leading king were principally bestowed a role where in they undertook the duty of only defending their people and lands. However as the times progressed the duties that were to be executed by the governing parties became more and more complicated and difficult with each passing day. The Greek, Roman, Harrappan, Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations had governments that had a fantastic system of governance which helped them to cope with all possible problems even in every day life.
- Military Duties: The oldest function of every ruler was to provide sufficient protection from foreign aggression to the people. The military duties have substantially increased as several new components such as external affairs, alliances, treaties and development of arms and related manpower have also come into being. The military duties of the government are extremely important due to the fact that they insure the integrity of the nation and thus help civilization, economic activity and social components within, thrive.
- Civic Amenities: The second most important role of government in society is the provision of civic amenities. Human inhabitation of a particular area or land requires some basic amenities such as sanitation, hygiene and a secure environment to live in.
- Education: The proper role of government in education is the provision of education. Every society needs knowledge to think and food for thought is derived from this knowledge. An essential function that is to be fulfilled by the government is providing all levels of education to the people, right from small kindergarten schools to universities. Education is a profound need of any human society as it makes mankind rational, intellectually enriched and thoughtful. Hence to complete all the elements of society, one of the most important role of government in society is providing adequate education.
- Justice and Mechanism: In order to prevent haywire and chaotic functioning in the society, it is essential to have some simple mechanisms and laws. Such laws may include, small unspoken norms such as standing in a line for the bus or can be of complex nature and may include complex tax laws. This function which is also known as judicial function, basically helps the society to function smoothly. This judicial function also includes the role of government in business as in the modern era, as the growing volume of economic activity needs good mercantile laws for governance. The economic activities also need some infrastructure and support such as banks and foreign trade, which further increases the importance of the role of government in economy.
Dictatorship vs Democracy : The Verdict
In today’s world, democracy is considered to be the best form of government, reason being that people are treated equally and have full rights to live a life of their liking. Unlike in a dictatorship, where people are treated like cattle and are expected to simply obey and follow the government, democracy contributes to development of the individuals as well as the society. Dictatorship has many wrongs such as there is ruthless oppression of people or there might be flawed decision-making, which may ultimately lead the country towards ruin. Looking at these disadvantages of democracy, many dictatorships today are contemplating to become democracies in future.
In the end, it can be rightly said that in dictatorship vs democracy, democracy is the ultimate winner. The picture becomes even more clearer, if you look at the track record and progress which democracies like USA and India have made in the past few decades!
My personal Conclusion
If we are to live in a better Belize, one must not choose side when it comes to POLITICS but make all necessary attempts to be better citizens. We have all been mislead from the time we enter this world. Dictatorship does not GOVERN Belize but is being practiced through various Elitist groups. However the POWER that one man has enrich himself with has shown the community that Dictatorship is present in our Government body. It has been exercise for decades in Belize and will continue as a natural practice. WHY??? Simply because we gain from these political ideology as an individual and not a community. I am not a Politician or a follower of any political theme. I have sit and watch people bicker and squallow over who is the better Political achiever. In my opinion they both try… they both fail… they both dictate from time to time. They only ever offer to that group support and enrich their powers. We all know how our Political systems work and how many countless time they have failed. Like is said… we are not GOVERNED THROUGH OR BY DICTATORSHIP BUT IT IS PRESENT IN OUR GOVERNMENT BODY AND ONLY GROWING STRONGER. ASK YOUR SELF THIS ONE QUESTION… HAVE YOU EVER BEEN DEPRIVE OF YOUR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATION AT ANY POINT IN YOUR LIFE UNDER ANY GOVERNING PARTY??? The seat of the PRIME MINISTER has now been enforced with excess power for one man through misleading the people, misinformation, economic in-balance … any one man who sits in it… Mek we call it the ” PRECIOUS “.
Misinformation usually gets people attention quicker than anything else… be mislead and be ruled by the one misleading you…