Laws


Interception of Communications Act

PART I Preliminary 1. This Act may be cited as the Interception of Communications Act. 2.─(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, “attorney-at-law” has the meaning given to it under section 2 of the Legal Profession Act, Cap. 320; “authorised officer” means the Commissioner of Police; or (a) a person for the time being lawfully exercising the functions of the Commissioner of Police; (b) an officer authorised in writing to act on behalf of the Commissioner of Police; or (c) the Chief Executive Officer in the Ministry responsible for the Belize Police Department; (d) any person employed by […]


Noise Abatement in Belize

NOISE ABATEMENT Unreasonable noise emissions on premises. 37. (1) A person who on any premises uses or causes or allows to be used any equipment in such a way as to cause or allow it to emit unreasonable noise from those premises commits an offence. (2) A prosecution for an alleged offence under subregulation (1) may be instituted only by – (a) any three or more persons, each of whom is the occupier of the premises and claims to be directly affected by that alleged offence; (b) an authorized person; or (c) a police officer. Installation of equipment emitting unreasonable […]


Crime in Belize – Judges Rules

It is the responsibility of everyone to help in the prevention of crime. The police are however charged by law, with the special duty to prevent crime and where one has been committed, to investigate and ensure that the persons responsible are brought before the Courts. The difficulties the police may encounter in this process cannot however, be underestimated. But it is nonetheless vital for the core values of society, including the rule of law and the proper administration of justice that, even in the face of these sometimes exasperating difficulties, basic rules of fairness and respect for the fundamental […]


Human Rights in Belize – Rights of the Child   Recently updated !

RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY [without reference to a Main Committee (A/54/L.84)] 54/263. Optional protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography H.E. Mr. Said Musa Prime Minister of Belize The General Assembly, Recalling all its previous resolutions on the rights of the child, in particular its resolution 54/149 of 17 December 1999, in which it strongly supported the work of the open-ended inter-sessional working groups and urged them to finalize their work before the tenth anniversary of […]


The deafening noise of the Police and Judiciary sytem in Belize

There is a large community of Immigrants in Belize and many have given and keep giving lots to Belize. There has been case after case of crime against visitors and immigrants in Belize with nothing much to nothing at all done by the Police or the Judiciary; all while the embassies of their home nation sit by quietly twiddling their thumbs. I know it’s bad enough that the Government of Belize refuses to invest the money to empower our Belize Police Department and to allow the Judiciary to be independent of political games and abuse; but wrong is wrong no […]


In Mexico, Crime Is Bigger Than a Crime Boss

Summary The July 11 escape of the notorious Sinaloa crime boss, Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman Loera, from a maximum-security prison in Mexico has drawn considerable Mexican and international media attention. While the brazen and elaborate nature of the escape will add to the lore already surrounding Guzman, the escape itself carries little significance for organized crime in Mexico — though it will place a momentary strain on coordination between U.S. and Mexican law enforcement. The forces that drive the evolution of organized crime and their impact on society in Mexico are simply greater than any single crime boss. Analysis Mexico’s […]


PetroCaribe Loans Act 2015 2

BILL for AN ACT to make special provisions for borrowing money from Alba Petrocaribe (Belize Energy) Limited; and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. (Gazetted ………………., 2015). WHEREAS: (a) in June 2005, the Republic of Venezuela and several Caribbean countries (including Belize) entered into an Energy Cooperation Agreement providing for the establishment of PETROCARIBE; (b) in furtherance of the said Energy Cooperation Agreement, Venezuela and Belize entered into a bilateral Energy Cooperation Agreement in September 2005; (c) pursuant to Article 1 of the said bilateral Energy Cooperation Agreement, Venezuela agreed to supply to Belize crude oil, refined […]


Crime and Society

By: Dr. Robert Winslow Belize is a parliamentary democracy with a constitution enacted in 1981 upon independence from the United Kingdom. Numerous ruins indicate that for hundreds of years Belize was heavily populated by the Maya Indians, whose relatively advanced civilization reached its height between A.D. 250 and 900. Eventually the civilization declined leaving behind small groups whose offspring still exist in Belize contributing positively to the culturally diverse population. In 1502, Columbus sailed through parts of the Caribbean, but did not actually visit the area later known as British Honduras. The first reference to European settlement in the colony […]


Maritime Areas Act of 1992

An Act to make provision with respect to the Territorial Sea, Internal Waters and the Exclusive Economic Zone of Belize; and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto of 24 January 1992 National legislation – DOALOS/OLA – United Nations BE IT ENACTED, by and with the advice and consent of the House of Representatives and the Senate of Belize and by the authority of the same, as follows: PART I PRELIMINARY Short Title and commencement 1. (1) This act may be cited as the Maritime Areas Act, 1992 (2) This Act shall come into operation upon such date as the […]


The Conflict of Interest Regime in Belize

Proposals from the National Plan of Action By: Geraldo Flowers, Ph.D. Introduction Belize ratifies Inter-American Convention Against Corruption on August 02, 2002. The Belizean Attorney General’s Ministry and the OAS signed an MOU to develop the National Plan of Action Against Corruption in June of 2007. The Draft Plan of Action was produced in June 2009 and can be found at www.belizelaw.org. A Draft Plan of Action Workshop was held in March 2010 in Belize with a broad spectrum of stakeholders to review the Plan of Action and provide input. Belize’s legal-institutional system was borne out of the British colonial […]


UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms

Adopted by the Eighth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Havana, Cuba, 27 August to 7 September 1990 Whereas the work of law enforcement officials 1 is a social service of great importance and there is, therefore, a need to maintain and, whenever necessary, to improve the working conditions and status of these officials, Whereas a threat to the life and safety of law enforcement officials must be seen as a threat to the stability of society as a whole, Whereas law enforcement officials have a vital role in the protection of the […]