Ministry of Natural Resources and Agriculture

Articles relating to Corruption in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Agriculture


Belize Restoring Its Damaged Ocean

By Tik Root – Originally published on April 11, 2018 on National Geographic The Astrum helicopter company launches from a base less than five miles from where Belize City meets the Caribbean. In the backseat, to my left, is Belizean Senator Valerie Woods. Across from us are two representatives from international ocean protection organization Oceana, which organized the flight. The country’s minister of state, Carla Barnett, climbs into the front seat. “I haven’t been in a helicopter for a long time,” she mutters, pulling on her headset. The doors shut, and we’re off. As we rise above the trees, Belize […]


The Right to Food in Belize Part One

The right to adequate food is realized when every man, woman and child, alone or in community with others, has the physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means for its procurement. – General Comment 12 (CESCR) The Constitution of Belize does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food. Belize has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 2015 by way of ratification. INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948 Article 25 1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for […]


National Aquaculture Sector Overview

Characteristics, structure and resources of the sector Summary Aquaculture in Belize formally began in 1982 with the development of ten acres (4 ha) of experimental ponds by a private company, in the southern part of the Country. Since that time, the industry has developed rapidly and has become firmly established as a significant contributor to the Belizean economy in terms of foreign exchange earnings, income generation, employment, nutrition, and food security. In Belize, the aquaculture industry is primarily based on the production of the whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei). Aquaculture in Belize has been expanding in volume and value more rapidly […]


2012 Food-Based Dietary Guidelines for Belize – Ministry of Health

Acronyms CNCD Chronic non-communicable Diseases INCAP Nutrition Institute of Central America and Panama FAO Food and Agriculture Organization CFNI Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute Kcal kilocalorie FBDG Food Based Dietary Guideline HECOPAB Health Education and Community Participation Bureau QUADS Quality Assurance Development Services PAHO Pan American Health Organization BAHA Belize Agricultural Health Authority HFLE Health and Family Life Education INSTITUTIONS REPRESENTED IN THE MULTI-SECTORAL GROUP Ministry of Health Nutrition Unit Public Health Unit Health Education and Community Participation Bureau (HECOPAB) Karl Heusner Memorial Hospital Ministry of Agriculture National Food & Nutrition Security Commission Ministry of Education School Health Unit Quality […]


Belize is a developing country possessing a rich tapestry of natural and cultural resources.

Like many nations around the globe it confronts significant dilemmas posed at the interface of development and conservation. Local, national and international non-governmental organizations actively pursue conservation objectives through the modification of land use, land purchases, and the creation of public and private reserves. Meanwhile, deficits in financial and human resources force the Government of Belize to experiment with innovative partnerships with individuals and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Under these arrangements, various co-management arrangements introduce different levels of management attention to otherwise neglected yet legally declared protected lands. At the same time, indigenous communities struggle to maintain and promote their traditional […]


The struggle for Maya land, oil, and gold

by Robin Llewellyn 11 July 2012 After two very recent attacks on Maya community leaders in Guatemala, the challenges faced by the lawyers applying domestic law and international indigenous rights legislation to these conflicts are revealing, as legal concepts are reinterpreted by governments in indigenous communities across the Maya region of Central America. On the night of 12 June two men broke into the home of José Tavico Tzunun in Santa Cruz del Qiché, Western Guatemala, and murdered him. Tzunun was a member of the K’iche’ Peoples Council in Defense of Life, Mother Nature, Earth, and Indigenous Territory. He helped […]


Case study of Agricultural Policies in Belize 2

REPORT PREPARED FOR THE CARICOM SECRETARIAT CONSULTING TEAM (CORE): SINGH, R.H. (PH.D.) RANKINE, L.B. (PH.D.) SEEPERSAD, G. (M.SC.) THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES ST. AUGUSTINE, TRINIDAD W.I. DECEMBER 2005 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Purpose & Scope of the Review This Report provides an analytical review of the major policy provisions for the agricultural sector in Belize. The focus is on the appropriateness of the policy mix in facilitating transformation of the sector into one characterized by higher levels of efficiency and competitiveness. The review is conducted within the context of the challenges confronting agriculture […]


Maya Land Rights & Governance

Cristina Coc and Pabla Miss from the Maya Leaders Association Toledo Alcaldes Association discuss their advocacy for Maya land rights in Belize. Maya Land Rights: the Conejo and Santa Cruz Lawsuits Contact: Nancy Stanley, Associate Director for External Relations The University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law 520-621-8430 (office) 520-979-0142 (cell) James Anaya 520-626-6341 (office) UA LAW PROFESSOR AND STUDENTS HELP SECURE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOR THE MAYA COMMUNITIES OF BELIZE In a potentially precedent-setting step with far-reaching implications, the Maya indigenous villages of Conejo and Santa Cruz will soon file claims in the Supreme Court of Belize, asserting […]


Resilient Communities with Cristina Coc

Cristina Coc discusses issues with Alec Baldwin and Aaron Sherinian at Earth To Paris. Giving voice on an international platform to indigenous peoples of Belize as they talk about climate change and its solutions. “The most important thing is to learn from indigenous and forest communities on how they do sustainable development – Christina Coc” Governments have the responsibility to set the framework for action … but the energy and innovation really happens at the local and regional level. Related articles Climate warriors, renewables champions, carbon absorbers or not? (earthtimes.org) Tackling Climate Change in the Caribbean: Natural Solutions to a […]


The Georgetown Accord

THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE COMMONWEALTH CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES THROUGH THEIR HEADS OF DELEGATIONS TO THE EIGHTH CONFERENCE OF HEADS OF GOVERNMENT OF COMMONWEALTH CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES ASSEMBLED IN GEORGETOWN, GUYANA, FROM 9TH TO 12TH APRIL, 1973 – DETERMINED to consolidate and strengthen the bonds of unity which have historically existed among their peoples; SHARING a common determination to fulfil within the shortest possible time the hopes and aspirations of the people of the Caribbean Territories for industrial and agricultural development, full employment and improved living standards; CONSCIOUS that these goals can most rapidly be attained by the optimum use of available human […]


The Georgetown Agreement 2003

Brussels, 28 November 2003 ACP/27/005/00 Rev.16 Legal Service/NJB/mgf [Final Version] THE GEORGETOWN AGREEMENT As amended by Decision No.1/LXXVIII/03 of the 78th Session of the Council of Ministers, Brussels, 27 and 28 November 2003 PREAMBLE THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE AFRICAN, CARIBBEAN AND PACIFIC STATES, hereinafter referred to as “the ACP States”; DESIROUS OF CONTRIBUTING through continuous and concerted endeavours to the reinforcement of the process of solidarity of developing countries; HAVING REGARD to the ACP-EEC Lomé Conventions and the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement signed on 23 June 2000 in Cotonou, hereinafter referred to as the ACP-EC Partnership Agreements; HAVING REGARD in particular […]