OAS

Articles pertaining to OAS


OAS Resolution 1972

– 46 – AG/RES. 79 (11-0/72) STRENGTHENING OF THE PRINCIPLES OF NONINTERVENTION AND THE SELF-DETERMINATION OF PEOPLES AND MEASURES TO GUARANTEE THEIR OBSERVANCE (Resolution adopted at the eleventh plenary session held on April 21, 1972) THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, HAVING NOTED the denunciation made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala in the address he delivered at the plenary session held on April 15, 1972, and CONSIDERING: That in the course of discussions made possible through the efforts of the President of the General Assembly and the Secretary General. of the Organization, and through the willingness that has been shown […]


Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries

SECRET Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries and Related Matters between Belize and Guatemala Preamble The Government of Belize and the Government of Republic of Guatemala: Being sovereign equal and independent states, members of the United Nations and the community of States, are firmly committed to the contribution of peace among nations; Having in mind the principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, such as the principles of the equal right and self-determination of the peoples, of the sovereign equality and independence of all States, of non-interference in the domestic affairs […]


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1

Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty; April 19, 1850 One of the more peculiar diplomatic documents in the history of inter-American relations: in it, the US and Britain agreed to avoid unilaterally annexing or fortifying any canal across the Central American isthmus. That Nicaragua, the ostensible object of these negotiations, was not invited says something about the diplomacy of the era. THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and […]


Is the ICJ Biased?

by Eric A. Posner and Miguel F. P. de Figueiredo ERIC A. POSNER is Kirkland and Ellis Professor of Law, University of Chicago. MIGUEL F. P. DE FIGUEIREDO is a Ph.D. student in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. We thank Fay Booker, Jacob Cogan, Sean Farhang, Andrew Guzman, Larry Helfer, Richard Hynes, Matt Jarvis, Anup Malani, Andrew Martin, Simeon Nichter, Abdul Noury, Keith Smith, Duncan Snidal, Laura Stoker, Erik Voeten, Greg Wawro, John Yoo; participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, Washington University in St. Louis, Columbia University, and the University of California, Berkeley, Law […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


Belize Guatemala Adjacency Zone

AGREEMENT TO ESTABLISH A TRANSITION PROCESS AND CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES BETWEEN BELIZE AND GUATEMALA I. Preambular Considerations: Delegations from Belize and Guatemala, headed by H.E. Assad Shoman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belize, and by H.E. Edgar A. Gutiérrez, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, met at OAS Headquarters in Washington D.C. on February 7, 2003, with Assistant Secretary General, in charge of the General Secretariat, Ambassador Luigi R. Einaudi to continue their discussions aimed at concluding an Agreement to Establish a Transition Process and Confidence Building Measures Between Belize and Guatemala within the framework of a just, equitable and […]


As the World Sleeps Belize keeps getting destroyed, terrorized and invaded

As the world sleeps, Belize is being systematically destroyed and invaded both from within and without. For decades Guatemala has remained head strong claiming that it owns Belize despite the world noting that Belize is an independent nation and it’s people have full rights to independence. At the African, Caribbean and Pacific States and the European Community (ACP-EU) meeting in Abuja Nigeria on March 2000 the following was noted: United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 35/20 of 11 November 1980, which reaffirmed the inalienable right of the people of Belize to self-determination, independence and territorial integrity and called on all […]


OAS Secretary General Almagro Met with Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala

May 4, 2016 The Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, met today with the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Belize and Guatemala in reference to the recent incidents in the Belize-Guatemala Adjacency Zone and the Sarstoon River. To this end, Secretary Almagro confirmed the imminent deployment of a group of experts to conduct an independent investigation into the circumstances which resulted in the death of a Guatemala minor, following an incident with the Belizean security forces in the Adjacency Zone. Recalling Annex C of the Confidence Building Measures in force on the Guidelines for Public Statements, […]


Not even the US trusts the decisions of the ICJ

Belize is being shoved to go to the ICJ by the US OAS branch but when they had to get a ruling at the ICJ they basically said, “Oh hell no, this court is bullshit.” The United States and the ICJ The United States has long had an uneasy relationship with the International Court of Justice, which primarily arbitrates legal disputes among UN member nations that recognize its jurisdiction. The United States withdrew from the court’s compulsory jurisdiction in 1986 after the court ruled it owed Nicaragua war reparations. The United States also disagreed with the court’s stance that it […]


Guatemala news posts video of BTV visit

In the video posted by media house Canal Antigua from Guatemala, they claim that the entire Sarstoon river, including the Sarstoon Island is in Guatemalan territory despite international knowledge and records reveals a clearly demarcated border showing otherwise. As the above image shows, the Island is clearly within Belizean territory. In the video below, it is clear that at least one of the Guatemalan boats pulled right up to the boat with Belizeans and tried to push them into Guatemalan territory (at about 2:35) as was told by members of the BTV crew. All this while the OAS representatives sat […]