ICJ


Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries

SECRET Draft General Treaty of Settlement of Land and Maritime Boundaries and Related Matters between Belize and Guatemala Preamble The Government of Belize and the Government of Republic of Guatemala: Being sovereign equal and independent states, members of the United Nations and the community of States, are firmly committed to the contribution of peace among nations; Having in mind the principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, such as the principles of the equal right and self-determination of the peoples, of the sovereign equality and independence of all States, of non-interference in the domestic affairs […]


Aycinena-Wyke Treaty

Guatemala Convention Boundary of British Honduras Convention between Her Majesty and the Republic of Guatemala, relations to the Boundary of British Honduras. Whereas the boundary between Her Britannic Majesty’s Settlement and possessions in the Bay of Honduras and the territory of the Republic of Guatemala, has not yet been ascertained and marked out; Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Republic of Guatemala being desirous, with a view to improve and perpetuate the friendly relations which happily subsist between the two countries, to define the boundary aforesaid have resorted to concede a […]


The Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1

Convention Between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty; April 19, 1850 One of the more peculiar diplomatic documents in the history of inter-American relations: in it, the US and Britain agreed to avoid unilaterally annexing or fortifying any canal across the Central American isthmus. That Nicaragua, the ostensible object of these negotiations, was not invited says something about the diplomacy of the era. THE United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and […]


Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries Within CARICOM

Development of Relevant Rules for Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, Including Practical Illustrations of the Operations of such Rules. Introduction 1. The development of the principles of international law with respect to maritime boundaries delimitation currently relate to mainly six areas, namely, internal waters, territorial sea, archipelagic waters, exclusive economic zone (EEZ), continental shelf and the extended continental shelf. Other areas of delimitation, which are sometimes met with are historic waters, contiguous zones and areas of joint development by neighbouring States. The focus of this report will be the maritime zones most often come under consideration for delimitation by and between […]


Is the ICJ Biased?

by Eric A. Posner and Miguel F. P. de Figueiredo ERIC A. POSNER is Kirkland and Ellis Professor of Law, University of Chicago. MIGUEL F. P. DE FIGUEIREDO is a Ph.D. student in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. We thank Fay Booker, Jacob Cogan, Sean Farhang, Andrew Guzman, Larry Helfer, Richard Hynes, Matt Jarvis, Anup Malani, Andrew Martin, Simeon Nichter, Abdul Noury, Keith Smith, Duncan Snidal, Laura Stoker, Erik Voeten, Greg Wawro, John Yoo; participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, Washington University in St. Louis, Columbia University, and the University of California, Berkeley, Law […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


As the World Sleeps Belize keeps getting destroyed, terrorized and invaded

As the world sleeps, Belize is being systematically destroyed and invaded both from within and without. For decades Guatemala has remained head strong claiming that it owns Belize despite the world noting that Belize is an independent nation and it’s people have full rights to independence. At the African, Caribbean and Pacific States and the European Community (ACP-EU) meeting in Abuja Nigeria on March 2000 the following was noted: United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 35/20 of 11 November 1980, which reaffirmed the inalienable right of the people of Belize to self-determination, independence and territorial integrity and called on all […]