Articles


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


Belize Guatemala Adjacency Zone

AGREEMENT TO ESTABLISH A TRANSITION PROCESS AND CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES BETWEEN BELIZE AND GUATEMALA I. Preambular Considerations: Delegations from Belize and Guatemala, headed by H.E. Assad Shoman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belize, and by H.E. Edgar A. Gutiérrez, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, met at OAS Headquarters in Washington D.C. on February 7, 2003, with Assistant Secretary General, in charge of the General Secretariat, Ambassador Luigi R. Einaudi to continue their discussions aimed at concluding an Agreement to Establish a Transition Process and Confidence Building Measures Between Belize and Guatemala within the framework of a just, equitable and […]


Start by getting rid of the term ‘gang’

This is something I wholeheartedly agree with. If we really want to tackle youth violence on the streets of London, we can start by getting rid of the term ‘gang’. This label and the imagery it provokes is increasingly inaccurate – and the root causes of youth violence are very different to what we might intuitively believe. by: Chuka Umunna at independent.co.uk “On Friday, my constituent Zac Olumegbon was murdered in a planned attack close to his school. He was just 15, and I know that the thoughts of the entire House will be with his family at this very […]


US visa applications may soon require five years of social media info

Washington (CNN)    The Trump administration plans to require immigrants applying to come to the United States to submit five years of social media history, it announced Thursday, setting up a potential scouring of their Twitter and Facebook histories. The move follows the administration’s emphasis on “extreme vetting” of would-be immigrants to the US, and is an extension of efforts by the previous administration to more closely scrutinize social media after the San Bernardino terrorist attack. According to notices submitted by the State Department on Thursday, set for formal publication on Friday, the government plans to require nearly all visa applicants […]


Curfews hurt societies not help

I’ll try to keep this short and sweet to get the conversation started. I want society to start thinking of what is actually driving the issues we face in Belize and how we can properly address them and help our future generations get out of the mud into a better future. First off, what is a curfew? The word “curfew” comes from the French phrase “couvre-feu“, which means “fire cover”. It was later adopted into Middle English as “curfeu”, which later became the modern “curfew”. The stated goal of most curfew laws is twofold: to prevent juvenile crime and to […]


Shadow players: ecotourism development, corruption and state politics in Belize

As published: Third World Quarterly, Vol 21, No 3, pp 549–565, 2000 by Rosaleen Duffy Rosaleen Duffy is at the Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YL, UK. Abstract This article examines the way that developing societies have been increasingly incorporated into global networks, and the effect that this has had on the states themselves. The notion of a shadow state is used here to inform the ways that the state has been modified by the global networks represented by ecotourism development on the one hand and drug trafficking (and associated offshore banking sectors) on the […]


Belize Criminal Act – Sex Offender

Sex offender orders. 18 of 1998 8.-(1) If it appears to a police officer of or above the rank of Assistant Inspector that the following conditions are fulfilled with respect to any person, namely:- (a) that the person is a sex offender; and (b) that the person has acted, since the relevant date, in such a way as to give reasonable cause to believe that an order under this section is necessary to protect the public from serious harm from him, the police officer may apply for an order under this section to be made in respect of the person. […]


Gap Analysis Report: Citizen Security in Belize

Prepared for the Innovation in Citizen Services Division by Jennifer Peirce This paper presents updated information about crime and violence in Belize, and about current and recent initiatives that address these issues, with an emphasis on youth and on Southside Belize City. The findings complement the 2013 IDB Technical Note on citizen security in Belize and the analysis of the completed Community Action for Public Safety Program (CAPS). The report reviews factors contributing to crime and violence in Belize, and then identifies opportunities to consolidate progress and gaps in services. It makes recommendations for future programs, including a potential second […]


Research, Theory, and Speculation on Gang Truces

By Edward R. Maguire, Ph.D. – October 30, 2013 Example 1 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA 1993 Study by Ordog, et al. Analysis of the number of GSW victims at an LA hospital before and after the 1992 riot. Conclusion: “Since the riot, the gang truce between the ‘Bloods’ and the ‘Crips’ has resulted in a significant decrease in the number of GSW victims seen at a level I trauma center in Los Angeles” (p. 779). 1995 Study by Ordog, et al. Follow-up study finds that the effects of the truce lasted only 3 months, after which the number of GSW victims […]


Between these lines

by GLENN TILLETT · TUESDAY, JUNE 13, 2017 Pablo Saul Marin, Belize’s current minister of health, has an opportunity now to re-structure the provision of dialysis services in Belize with a view to making it equitable, accessible and affordable. I’ve been told he does have a plan. I haven’t seen or read or been apprised of what that plan is, and therefore cannot form any opinion as to its consequentialities but as one of the almost 100 Belizean citizens who must have dialysis or face certain death, I am all ears. Currently, as I have been told by several persons […]


FBI Shuts Down Belize-Mexico Border

mayo 11, 2017 Chetumal, 11 de mayo. – Cierran el puente internacional Chactemal que comunica a México y Belice, así como el antiguo acceso, debido a operativos binacionales que se vienen realizando en la Zona Libre de esta nación caribeña, así como en las 14 comunidades de la ribera del Río Hondo para la búsqueda de los supuestos homicidas del exmarine de Estados Unidos, Drew Thomas DeVoursney de 36 años, así como de su novia la canadiense Francesca Matus, de 52 años de edad. De acuerdo a datos recabados de manera sorpresiva ,un helicóptero de la Policía Federal División Caminos, […]