Articles


Belize Sustainable Development Review 2017

Belize National Sustainable Development Report Ministry of Forestry, Fisheries, and Sustainable Development, Belize United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs (UNDESA) United Nations Development Program (UNDP) List of Acronyms CARICOM – Caribbean Community CBD – Convention on Biological Diversity CDB – Caribbean Development Bank CHM – Clearing House Mechanism CI – Conservation International CoP – Conference of the Parties (to the CBD) DOE – Department of the Environment EEZ – Exclusive Economic Zoning EIA – Environmental Impact Assessment GEF – Global Environment Facility GMO – Genetically Modified Organisms GOB – Government of Belize IDB – Inter – American Development […]


A Crisis in Guatemala, Abetted by the U.N.

In the struggle to defeat transnational crime in Central America, the U.S. is financing a United Nations prosecutorial body in Guatemala. Yet these U.N. prosecutors are thumbing their noses at the rule of law and seem to be using their power to politicize the Guatemalan judiciary. This is dividing and destabilizing a pivotal democracy in the region. The fragile Guatemalan state is in the crosshairs of Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro and Cuba’s Gen. Raúl Castro. If their allies seize control of Mexico’s southern neighbor via its institutions, as Daniel Ortega has done in Nicaragua, it will have implications for Mexican […]


1977 Report on Uranium in Belize

Trying to see if there are any more recent reports on scans done with newer technologies, will do another post IF I find anything. IUREP N.P.S. No. 39 August 1977 Distr. LIMITED Original: ENGLISH International Atomic Energy Agency   INTERNATIONAL URANIUM RESOURCES EVALUATION PROJECT IUREP NATIONAL PAVOURABILITY STUDIES BELIZE (FORMER BRITISH HONDURAS) 1. INTRODUCTION (a) Geography Belize is a well-forested area of 22,960 square kilometers. Its capital is Belmopan. The country is generally flat north of the capital city. The flat, swampy Caribbean Coast of Belize gradually ascends to the low peaks of the Maya and Cockscomb Mountains (elevation to […]


Tegucigalpa Protocol

[TRANSLATION — TRADUCTION] TEGUCIGALPA PROTOCOL(1)Came into force on 23 July 1992, i.e., eight days after the date on which the majority of the signatory States to the above-mentioned Charter had deposited their instrument of ratification with the Government of El Salvador, in accordance with article 36: TO THE CHARTER OF THE ORGANIZATION OF CENTRAL AMERICAN STATES (ODECA)(4)See p. 382 of this volume. The Presidents of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama: Whereas: It is necessary to revise the legal framework of the Organization of Central American States (OCAS), adapting it to current realities and needs, in order […]


Is the ICJ Biased?

by Eric A. Posner and Miguel F. P. de Figueiredo ERIC A. POSNER is Kirkland and Ellis Professor of Law, University of Chicago. MIGUEL F. P. DE FIGUEIREDO is a Ph.D. student in political science at the University of California at Berkeley. We thank Fay Booker, Jacob Cogan, Sean Farhang, Andrew Guzman, Larry Helfer, Richard Hynes, Matt Jarvis, Anup Malani, Andrew Martin, Simeon Nichter, Abdul Noury, Keith Smith, Duncan Snidal, Laura Stoker, Erik Voeten, Greg Wawro, John Yoo; participants at seminars at the University of Chicago, Washington University in St. Louis, Columbia University, and the University of California, Berkeley, Law […]


Belize Restoring Its Damaged Ocean   Recently updated !

By Tik Root – Originally published on April 11, 2018 on National Geographic The Astrum helicopter company launches from a base less than five miles from where Belize City meets the Caribbean. In the backseat, to my left, is Belizean Senator Valerie Woods. Across from us are two representatives from international ocean protection organization Oceana, which organized the flight. The country’s minister of state, Carla Barnett, climbs into the front seat. “I haven’t been in a helicopter for a long time,” she mutters, pulling on her headset. The doors shut, and we’re off. As we rise above the trees, Belize […]


Noise Abatement in Belize

NOISE ABATEMENT Unreasonable noise emissions on premises. 37. (1) A person who on any premises uses or causes or allows to be used any equipment in such a way as to cause or allow it to emit unreasonable noise from those premises commits an offence. (2) A prosecution for an alleged offence under subregulation (1) may be instituted only by – (a) any three or more persons, each of whom is the occupier of the premises and claims to be directly affected by that alleged offence; (b) an authorized person; or (c) a police officer. Installation of equipment emitting unreasonable […]


Background and Study of the Special Agreement to the ICJ

BACKGROUND AND STUDY OF THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN GUATEMALA AND BELIZE TO SUBMIT GUATEMALA’S TERRITORIAL, INSULAR AND MARITIME CLAIM TO THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE. By Gustavo Adolfo Orellana Portillo To the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, especially the Belize Commission. To my parents Oscar Rigoberto Orellana Cordón (+) Octavila Portillo Chacón de Orellana (+) To my wife Lilián Lisseth Lacs Palomo de Orellana To my children Oscar Gustavo and Laura Paulina PROLOGUE On December 8, 2008, the Special Agreement between Guatemala and Belize to submit Guatemala’s territorial, insular and maritime differendum to the International Court of Justice was […]


Belize Guatemala Adjacency Zone

AGREEMENT TO ESTABLISH A TRANSITION PROCESS AND CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES BETWEEN BELIZE AND GUATEMALA I. Preambular Considerations: Delegations from Belize and Guatemala, headed by H.E. Assad Shoman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belize, and by H.E. Edgar A. Gutiérrez, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala, met at OAS Headquarters in Washington D.C. on February 7, 2003, with Assistant Secretary General, in charge of the General Secretariat, Ambassador Luigi R. Einaudi to continue their discussions aimed at concluding an Agreement to Establish a Transition Process and Confidence Building Measures Between Belize and Guatemala within the framework of a just, equitable and […]


Start by getting rid of the term ‘gang’   Recently updated !

This is something I wholeheartedly agree with. “On Friday, my constituent Zac Olumegbon was murdered in a planned attack close to his school. He was just 15, and I know that the thoughts of the entire House will be with his family at this very difficult time. He was the 13th teenager to lose a life needlessly in our capital city. Can the Prime Minister tell me, the rest of the House and the country what his government is doing, and will be doing, to stop this happening in our communities?” That was the first question I ever asked at […]


US visa applications may soon require five years of social media info

Washington (CNN)    The Trump administration plans to require immigrants applying to come to the United States to submit five years of social media history, it announced Thursday, setting up a potential scouring of their Twitter and Facebook histories. The move follows the administration’s emphasis on “extreme vetting” of would-be immigrants to the US, and is an extension of efforts by the previous administration to more closely scrutinize social media after the San Bernardino terrorist attack. According to notices submitted by the State Department on Thursday, set for formal publication on Friday, the government plans to require nearly all visa applicants […]


Curfews hurt societies not help   Recently updated !

I’ll try to keep this short and sweet to get the conversation started. I want society to start thinking of what is actually driving the issues we face in Belize and how we can properly address them and help our future generations get out of the mud into a better future. First off, what is a curfew? The word “curfew” comes from the French phrase “couvre-feu“, which means “fire cover”. It was later adopted into Middle English as “curfeu”, which later became the modern “curfew”. The stated goal of most curfew laws is twofold: to prevent juvenile crime and to […]