Daily Archives: August 31, 2012


Decolonization and the Border Dispute with Guatemala 1

British Honduras faced two obstacles to independence: British reluctance until the early 1960s to allow citizens to govern themselves, and Guatemala’s complete intransigence over its long- standing claim to the entire territory (Guatemala had repeatedly threatened to use force to take over British Honduras). By 1961, Britain was willing to let the colony become independent. From 1964 Britain controlled only defense, foreign affairs, internal security, and the terms and conditions of the public service. On June 1, 1973, the colony’s name was changed to Belize in anticipation of independence. After 1975 Britain allowed the colonial government to internationalize its case […]


The Emergence of the British Settlement

Colonial Rivalry Between Spain and Britain In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Spain tried to maintain a monopoly on trade and colonization in its New World colonies, but northern European powers were increasingly attracted to the region by the potential for trade and settlement. These powers resorted to smuggling, piracy, and war in their efforts to challenge and then destroy Spain’s monopoly. Early in the seventeenth century, the Dutch, English, and French encroached in areas where Spain was weak: the small islands of the Lesser Antilles, the no-man’s-land of the Guianas between the Spanish and Portuguese dominions, and the uncharted […]


BELIZE (British Honduras)-GUATEMALA BOUNDARY

International Boundary Study No. 8 –July 21, 1961 Belize (British Honduras) – Guatemala Boundary The Geographer Office of the Geographer Bureau of Intelligence and Research BACKGROUND According to British sources, occupation by Europeans of the coastal area of present-day British Honduras was begun in 1638 by shipwrecked English sailors; the discovery of valuable logwood, used in making dyes, and mahogany led in 1662 to the creation of an establishment. Differing opinions as to the provisions of the Treaty of Madrid, July 18, 1670, resulted in frequent fighting between the British settlers and the Spanish authorities. The Treaty of Paris, February […]


Curiosity How evil are you?

Eli Roth knows a thing or two about the nature of evil. As this generation’s master of horror, his Hostel films terrify us by dramatizing the fiendish acts of lunatics and madmen. Now, Roth plans to unveil the most horrifying monster of them all, capable of callous murder with only the slightest prodding: the Average American. Roth and a team of psychological experts carry out a series of startling experiments that will shed light on the capacity for evil that lurks within ordinary men and women — what they find will astound you.